United States Constitution study notes

Topics: United States Constitution, United States, Articles of Confederation Pages: 2 (393 words) Published: February 2, 2014
Constitution
Agreed by congress nov 15 1777. Ratified march 1 1781
Problems:
No problems to tax
Each state one vote – regardless of size
All state votes required to amend the articles – they all had to agree

1786 representatives went to Annapolis Maryland. Only 5 states went. for the Annapolis convention sept 1786 to discuss ways to regulate commerce. New mtg to meet in may 1787, this mtg was known as the constitutional convention.

Philadelphia Pennsylvania. Met in may of 1787 til sept of 1787
Purpose was to reform the articles of confederation but a different form of govt was proposed. 55 representatives from 12 states. Rhode island didn’t send anyone cuase they liked the govt under the articles the way it was.

George Washington was chosen as president of the convention Different plans at the convention:
Virginia plan – also known as the Randolph plan was a proposal by Virginia delegates, drafted by james Madison. 2 house legislature, representation would be based on population. New jersey plan – proposal for the structure of the united states govt proposed by William Patterson at the Philadelphia convention on june 15 1787. Called for legislature to have the same amount of votes regardless of size. Connecticut compromise – roger Sherman forged an agreement between large and small states that defined legislative structure and representation of each state. Proposed 2 house legislature, upper house called senate who had equal representation regardless of size. Lower house called house of representatives had representatives based on population. Senate appealed to small states. House of reps appealed to large states. Slaves – should they be counted as citizens. Each slave counts as 3/5 of a person in order to determine representation in the house of reps. Ratification – final draft of constitution had to be ratified. Law of the land a. 9 of 13 states needed ratification

b. Federalist (for constitution)
c. Anti-federalist (against...
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