Unit 13 American Pageant 12th Edition Notes

Topics: Cold War, United States, Lyndon B. Johnson Pages: 7 (1403 words) Published: August 1, 2014
Unit 13 Notes
Chapter 38: The Eisenhower Era
Korean Armistice
1952; Eisenhower visited Korea shortly after winning the presidency; waited 7 months before resorting to nuclear warfare; Koreas compromised until 38th parallel

Army-McCarthy Hearings
1954; McCarthy attacked the Army as Communist; Army attacked him on television for 35 days; McCarthy's downfall

Jim Crow
Segregated blacks from whites

Emmett Till
14 year old black who vacationed in Mississippi, allegedly whistled at a white woman (Carolyn Bryant), was subsequently beaten, abused, and murdered then tied to a cotton gin and thrown into a river

Montgomery Bus Boycott
After Rosa Parks is arrested, MLK rallies the black community to do this. This seriously hurt the bus companies. This lasted more than a year, and ended in '56 when the SC declared segregated buses unconstitutional.

Brown v. Board of Education
1951; (SCC) Marshall argues, wins this one. Unanimous vote under the Earl Warren court that "separate but equal" is a false doctrine.

Little Rock Central High School
1957; 9 black students trying to go to school needed to be defended by federal troops Southern Christian Leadership Conference
MLK and nearly 100 other black ministers form this organization in 1957 to encourage nonviolent protest to provoke segregationists and win support from moderate southern whites. Although it got more blacks to support the movement, it failed to spark controversy or get white sympathy

Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee
Created by sit-ins; lack of patience resulted in their downfall

Interstate Highway Act of 1956
1956; more effective; jobs and benefits (trucking, gasoline, automobile); deprived passenger trains, decreased air quality, robbed downtowns of business due to shopping outlets

Nikita Khrushchev
First Secretary of the Soviet Union- "premier"- was in attempts to negotiate towards reconciliation with Eisenhower but U-2 scandal made such attempts void

Geneva Conference
After Vietnam fell to Nationalists; split Vietnam at the 17th parallel; elections 2 years later to join them 1955; Eisenhower & Khruschev; "Open Skies"; Krhuschev thought it was an American ply for Dulles and rejected the idea

Battle of Dien Bien Phu
1954; French corned Indochina; French asked for American support; America not involved

Warsaw Pact
1955; Soviet Union reacted to NATO's addition of West Germany, protecting its Communist satellites

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
1960; control petroleum exports; controlled Western countries

1957; Soviets; Part I small, PART II dog displaying Soviet superiority; provided Communism with credential; maybe intercontinental ballistic missiles; created missile gap, NASA, and NDEDA

National Defense and Education Act
1958; increase education to compete with the Soviets; 887million in form of scholarships

U-2 Spy plane incident
The incident when an American U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union. The U.S. denied the true purpose of the plane at first, but was forced to when the U.S.S.R. produced the living pilot and the largely intact plane to validate their claim of being spied on aerially. The incident worsened East-West relations during the Cold War and was a great embarrassment for the United States.

Fidel Castro
usurped power from Batista regime by guerilla warfare, US unable to execute effective coup, became military dictator

Betty Friedan
Feminists who published the Feminine Mystique 1963; modern women's rights movement to break away from suburban housewife life and to deal with struggles due to sexism

Elvis Presley
United States rock singer whose many hit records and flamboyant style greatly influenced American popular music (1935-1977)

Chapter 39: The Stormy Sixties
John F. Kennedy
The thirty-fifth United States President who represented the state of Massachusetts in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1947 to 1953 as a Democrat, and in...
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