Unit 305 Understand person-centred approaches in adult social care settings
Outcome 1 – Understand person-centred approaches in adult social care settings
Person centred approaches means treating everyone as an individual, respecting their rights, opinions and individual wishes, and also taking them into account when communication or helping that person.
1.3 Person centred values influence all aspects of adult social care. Each person should be treated like an individual, and their care plans should reflect this. It’s important to take into considered the needs and wishes of the person. Laws such as the Human Rights Act 1998, Health and Social Care 2012, mandate that each person should have the right to be treated as an individual and that needs, wishes and opinions all be taken into consideration.
Each person should have a care plan that is unique to them, which will contain information on personal preferences. It’s always advisable to converse with the person, asking them their preferences, as these may change over time. Familiarising yourself with their care plan is also advisable as it gives you some back ground knowledge before approaching that person i.e. Prefer female carer, likes to get dressed at 8am.
Outcome 2 – Understand how to implement a person-centred approach in an adult social care setting
A care plan relates to an individual person and contains information, such as history, preferences, wishes and needs of that person. All this information is vital as it creates a unique picture of the individual, and the care they may need.
2.2 When approaching a situation that is sensitive or complex it’s important to approach it with the needs of the individual in mind. By taking into account the needs and preferences of the individual you should be able to approach the situation in a way that suits their need.
2.3 Care plans are a great way to gain knowledge of an individual before meeting them, and it allows you to gain insight into preferences and wishes allowing you to choose the right approach making the individual feel at ease and secure from when you first meet them.
However care plans are only as good as when they were last updated. Care plans need to be updated regularly, making sure that all information is correct and reflects the needs of the individual. Care plans that aren’t updated can contain incorrect information, which isn’t useful to anyone.
2.4 It’s important to monitor an individual’s changing needs and preferences, as these will have to be documented and changed in their care plan so information is up to date and accurate. Also a change in needs in may need further attention, and discussion between the individual and the carer to make sure that the individual’s needs are being met.
Outcome 3 – Understand the importance of establishing consent when providing care or support
3.1 Capacity is defined as ‘the maximum amount something can contain’. When we talk about the capacity of a person it relates to how much they understand and remember. Before gaining consent from an individual, it’s vital to find out if they have the capacity to understand what they are being asked to consent to.
Factors that could influence the capacity of an individual could include •
Language barrier, so a translator would be needed
Mental illness, dementia, stroke. The Mental Capacity Act 2005, was put in place to help and protect individuals who don’t have the capacity to make a decision for themselves. •
Simply don’t understand what they are being asked. Try explaining it in a different way or consider other options.
To establish consent for an activity or action it’s important to communicate clearly and in an appropriate way for the individual to understand. Written consent maybe needed, so it’s important to make sure the individual can clearly read the text and that it’s written in an appropriate way for them to understand it. Reading it...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document