Traditions and Encounters Chapter 19

Topics: Africa, Slavery, West Africa Pages: 5 (1228 words) Published: May 28, 2013
Chapter 19
Read Pages 483-506

Historical Terms and Concepts: Please include the significance for each term/concept.

1. Bantu Migrations

migrations of the Bantu people that helped to spread agriculture and herding to many areas of Sub-Saharan Africa, iron metallurgy, and rapidly increased the population. (started around 2000 BCE), linguistically influential. 2. Stateless society

term relating to societies such as those of sub-Saharan Africa after the Bantu migrations that featured decentralized rule through family and kinship groups instead of strongly centralized hierarchies. 3. Sundiata

founder of the Mali Empire (r, 1230-1255), also the inspiration for the Sundiata, an African literary and mythological work. 4. Gold-salt trade

the kingdom of Ghana became the center of trade for gold, it helped strengthen their realm by controlling and taxing trade. In return, they received horses, cloth, small manufactured wares, and most importantly salt. (it was a crucial commodity that local sources could not supply in large quantities. 5. Kinship groups

a method through which many sub-Saharan peoples governed themselves. Male heads of families constituted a village's ruling council (decided public affairs), most prominent family head acted as village chief. portions of land were allocated for cultivation, harvests were distributed among the members. (based on families and clans) 6. Creator god

a single male divine force or male god that was recognized as the agent responsible for setting the work in motion and providing it with order, some believed he sustained the world, intervened indirectly through spirits to affect human affairs, was all-powerful, all-knowing, omnipotent and omniscient.(peoples of sub-Saharan Africa) 7. Sugar Cane

juicy canes whose sap is a source of molasses and commercial sugar

8. Mansa Musa

the ruler of Mali from 1312 to 1337 (the high point of the empire) while making a pilgrimage to Mecca, he gave away so much gold that it created a drastic inflation of gold and upon return, he built mosques, sent students to study Islam, and established Islamic schools(represents the significance of trade and Islam for west Africa. 9. Ibn Battuta

a Moroccan traveler who visited the city of Kilwa in 1331 and reported that Muslim scholars from Arabia and Persia lived at Kilwa and consulted regularly with the local ruler, traveled and went on excursions (Rihla) 10. Cotton

A soft white fibrous substance that surrounds the seeds of a tropical and subtropical plant and is used as textile fiber and thread for sewing, imported from India by residents of Kilwa Critical Thinking Questions

1. What was the function of the griot in sub-Saharan African culture? Explain.

A griot was a person in sub-Saharan culture who worked as professional singers and storytellers. They transmitted oral traditions such as stories, histories, epics, and other accounts, passing them down through the generations. 2. Why were bananas and camels so significant in early African history? What do they represent? How did they change the way people lived? Explain.

After the introduction of bananas, there was a huge migration and population surge, especially among the Bantu peoples. Camels replaced horses and donkeys as transport animals. Both represent the cultural diffusion that took place among these different areas. The camels quickened the pace of communication across the Sahara, helped Islamic merchants cross the desert, and form relations while the bananas provided a source of food and nutrition. 3. How are kin-based societies structured? How are they organized politically? Explain. They were governed based on clans and family groups. Male heads of family form the village's ruling council and the most prominent family head became the chief who handled the inter-village affairs. The chief allotted land to the members and no one could own...
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