top-rated free essay

Thr “WESTERNIZING” of Russia

By annisthebest Mar 26, 2014 432 Words
V. The Transformation of Eastern Europe, 1648-1740

Muscovy turned into modern Russia
Russia = northern Asia and Eastern Europe
Converted to Greek Orthodox branch of Christianity
Geography made it commercially hard with Western Europe
(1462-1505) Ivan III threw off Mongol rule
(1682-1725) Tsar Peter the Great underwent closer European relations Europeanizing/Westernizing Russia = expansion of European civilization; purpose was to gain scientific, technical, military knowledge from West = blend of [non]European traits

Russia before Peter the Great
Group of people distinguished by language
(c. 1450-1650) Russians reached Baltic/Black seas
Conquered Volga Tartars > crossing Ural Mts. to build towns, river systems in Siberia Settlements extended 5,000 miles across northern Asia
Trade between England and Muscovy
Women were secluded, men seemed exotic, crude customs, life was not valued, Russian church did not support education/respect for humanity = “Medieval Mind” of Europeans Feudalism – power in ruler or ruler’s gov’t bodies?

(1533-1584) Tsar Ivan the Terrible – did not wish problems in Muscovy like in Poland (1604-1613) Time of Troubles - time of civil wars/chaos
(1613-1917) Romanov dynasty set up absolute monarchs
Serfdom was popular and lords had lots of power over peasants (1667) Uprising against lost freedom
Russian Orthodox Church was for political use but eventually set up independent Russian patriarch of their own (1650s) Russian patriarch made reforms > distrust to church and gov’t in Russia (after 1700) no new patriarch appointed

Peter the Great formed the Holy Synod and Procurator of Holy Synod to secularize church

Peter the Great: Foreign Affairs and Territorial Expansion
(1682-1725) Peter the Great became tsar
(1697-1698) hired Europeans for service in Russian army to defend against West (1697) allied with Poland and Denmark to partition (make a barrier against) Sweden Reformed the army and beat Charles XII’s Swedish invasion Won many lands in wars deeper into Europe

Russian army was build up with Europeans/Russians and restrained Russian rebellions, drove Swedes out, and held Russia together Established St. Petersburg, later called Leningrad

Internal Changes under Peter the Great
NEED MORE $$ = Taxes imposed mainly on peasants
Mercantilism adopted; exports, mining, serfdom!!! – economy relied on labor Established new administration: top was tsar and below were senate and governments State Service – all land/serf owners required to serve in army or administration no matter what class Revolutionary: required for all gentry to put sons in school, send many abroad to study, simplified Russian alphabet, edited first newspaper, enforced manners/good conduct, SECULAR

The Results of Peter’s Revolution
Mixed public opinion
Church = NO!
His methods sped up progress and revolutionary changes
Russia came out of isolation

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • russia

    ...1917 February Revolution and abdication of the Tsar By 1917, Russia had reached a crisis situation. As detailed above, WW1 had taken a heavy toll on Russia both in terms of manpower, moral and indeed economic circumstances. On the 23rd of February, many gathered in Petrograd streets for International Women’s day. However, the Tsar, 500 m...

    Read More
  • History of Russia

    ...Russia History * Ancient Russian -Russia was formed by colonizing cites which later on formed the Russian Empire. -A warrior named Rurik came into the eastern part of Russia with a group of Scandinavians, known as the Varangians crossed the Baltic Sea and emerged into Russia. -He & his partner, Oleg, took over cities, but helped inves...

    Read More
  • Russia

    ...Red – Hard questions and haven’t come up before, Yellow – Very unlikely questions OCR B: Russia in Turmoil, 1900-1924 - All Possible Essays Questions with Plans (By Harry Bojakowski and Scarlett Stock [04.2013]) 1. 1905 1. Why did Tsarism become so unpopular with some groups by 1905? Throughout the centuries leading up to the 20 ,...

    Read More
  • Russia

    ...How to do business in Russia ? Bibliographie :

    Read More
  • Russia

    ...The main cause of the collapse of the Tsarist regime in Russia in 1917 was the First World War. Do you agree? Explain your answer. In 1917 the rule of the Romanovs over Russia collapsed and Tsar Nicholas was forced to abdicate. He then offered the throne to his brother, who refused. There were many causes to the collapse of the Tsarist regime...

    Read More
  • Russia

    ...Nina Taupier 2011-10412 Russia and international Relations The West and Russia. 31.5.13 Whether Russia will integrate or cooperate with the West has been and continues to be a very heated debate. Overall, Russia’s European frontier appears the most stable and peaceful. The defining factor in the European security landscape is NAT...

    Read More
  • Russia

    ... 2012 Mr. Sessions Russia Population 140.4 million GDP (PPP) 2.2 Trillion 4.0% Growth 3.4% 5 Year compound annual growth 15,837 Per capita 7.5% Unemployment 6.9% Inflation (CPI) 41.2 Billion Russia’s politics takes place in the framework of a f...

    Read More
  • The Rise of Russia

    ...Chapter 18: The Rise of Russia Ivan III- He was a Grand Prince of Moscow, also referred to as the “gatherer of the Russian lands”. Boyars- They originally obtained influence and government posts through their military support of the Kievan princes. Romanov Dynasty- Rulers of Russia from 1613 to 1917. The name derived from Roman Yurev. ...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.