Psychosocial Development Case Study Analysis
The purpose of this paper is to provide informative information on the lifestyle stages and developmental process within adolescence, early and middle adulthood. These stages within an individual’s life are extremely pivotal. Understanding the psychosocial crisis, developmental task, and cultural influences among these populations will be explored. In addition, a discussion on existing interrelationships between work, family, and life roles will be included. Investigated life span theories and multiple transitions which occur in these stages will also be addressed. In closing, evaluating significant challenges related to wellness and resilience from both community and cultural perspectives will be explored. The Psychosocial Crisis
Within middle adulthood (34-60 years) the psychosocial crisis is generativity versus stagnation. Client Bonnie Grape is suffering from the psychosocial crisis of stagnation. Stagnation is defined as the lack of psychosocial growth or movement (Newman & Newman, 2013). While feelings of stagnation surge temporarily, both success and failures force people to redefine their goals (Brim, 1992). The crisis of stagnation can either entangle adults in a process of withdrawal or force continued growth, expanding generativity. One of the critical periods of transition within the early adolescence stage is group identity versus alienation. During this stage adolescences commonly endure rapid physical changes, significant cognitive and emotional maturity, new sexual interest, and sensitivity to peer relationships (Newman & Newman, 2012). Client Arnie Grape is a 17 year old boy, who is experiencing characteristics within the psychosocial crisis of both group identity and alienation. According to Lowe (2003) many adolescent men struggle with interpersonal skills due to a lack of traditional authoritarian from parents. In later adolescence, the psychosocial crisis of individual identity versus identity confusion is formed. This crisis is defined as the ability to take key components of ones’ self and shift them in a direction which formulates positive, attainable goals (Newman & Newman, 2013). Client Gilbert Grape is experiencing signs of struggle in both his individual identity as well as identity confusion within the psychosocial crisis. Psychosocial Developmental Theory
Mrs. Grape is an obese woman, in her thirties who shows characteristics of a person closed off to experiences with others. She is also lacking experiences which promote self-development (Newman & Newman, 2012). For example, Bonnie sits on the couch flicking through channels and smoking cigarettes, while her children struggle working minimum wage jobs to feed her. She has not been out the house in seven years, since her husband’s suicide. Bonnie states that her children move the kitchen table in front of the living room couch. This is due to Bonnie never leaving the couch. Her obesity is now a health issues which concerns the therapist. Client Bonnie shows some signs of generativity within the parenting role, which has been displayed by her nurturing her mentally disabled son on occasions. However, improving the physical and social environment for her and the children has not yet been observed. During several individual sessions, Bonnie has stated to the therapist that she has not always been like this (referring to her obesity). These strong emotional feelings of guilt and worthlessness convey to the therapist, underlying issues or recent traumatic events have occurred. Client Arnie Grape who suffers from a mental disability displays signs of group identity by maintaining a willingness to participate in and contribute to society (Newman & Newman, 2013). An example of Arnie’s willingness to participate was displayed by his closeness with family and establishing a new bond with a stranger of the opposite sex. However, Arnie...
References: Jason, L. A. (1998). Tobacco, drug, and HIV preventive media interventions. American Journal of Community Psychology, 26(2), 151-87.
Campbell, T. L., & Patterson, J. M. (1995). The effectiveness of family interventions in the treatment of physical illness.Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 21(4), 545.
Cole, R. E., & Reiss, D. (Eds.). (1993). How do families cope with chronic illness. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Probst, B. (2008). Issues in portability of evidence-based treatment for adolescent depression. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal, 25(2), 111-123. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10560-008-0115-3
Weersing, V. R., Iyengar, S., Kolko, D. J., Birmaher, B., & Brent, D. A. (2006). Effectiveness of
cognitive-behavioral therapy for adolescent depression: A benchmarking investigation. Behavior
Therapy, 37, 36–48.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document