BSHS 311/ Models of Effective Helping
The term system means the consistent arrangement of things connected to unity or to operate as a whole (Dictionary, 2012). In Systems theory we will describe dynamics in a family as dyads, triads, and in homeostasis. In a system when one part of that system changes, the whole system changes. Within a family system viewed as a whole there are similar smaller systems known as subsystems. Marital (couples), siblings; which are viewed as dyads, parents and child; viewed as triads, and homeostasis baseline behavior of a family. “A family is greater than the sum of its parts” (Phoenix, 2009).
System theory is used by many social workers and therapist helps get an understanding on how the surroundings of the client’s environment determined and are determined by those who make up the environment. Social workers and therapist working with families must determine the dynamics of the system, how dyads interact with one another and the influences they have within the family system. Triads can give the therapist a clear understanding on family dynamics that occur within the family, maintaining a positive family structure, and prevent further emotional damage to children or other persons in the family is the goal for therapist. Homeostasis is the way the family functions under crisis situations or on a daily basis. A family homeostasis can change depending on individuals within the family system. An example of homeostasis: Family members function on certain levels daily; family curses at one another every day, to that family cursing at each other is “normal” and viewed as the way they interact daily. To those not used to being in an environment where the family curses, can be viewed as disrespectful or as boundaries within the family not being established. Environment has a huge impact on a family’s homeostasis. When everything is...
References: Poorman, P.B. (2003), Micros kills and Theoretical Foundation for Professional Helpers. Pearson Education Inc.
Using Family Therapy (2009),” Family Systems Theory”.
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