Study Guide questions and answers for emotional disorders
What disorders make up the “emotional disorders”?
Anxiety and mood disorders as well as other classes of disorders in which emotional dysregulation plays a prominent role such as somatoform disorders, dissociative disorders, and to some extent eating disorders. Borderline personality disorder may also be included in this number.
What are some rationales for a unified protocol for EDs
Commonalities in the etiology of the disorders
Latent structure of the disorders
Overlap among the disorders (high comorbidity)
Broad effects of psychological treatments (Specific treatment for a disorder may fix comorbid disorders)
What is negative reinforcement?
Strengthen response (reduces emotion short term) via avoidance (teaches avoidance as effective coping)
What are two common misappraisals of a situation?
High probability of negative event and bad consequences (catastrophizing)
What is involved in cognitive reappraisal?
Evidence for and against each interpretation and generating alternative appraisals
Why is it important for patients with Emotional Disorders to be stabilized on their medication prior to receiving an intake interview? So the therapist has a clear picture of actual symptoms as opposed to symptoms that may be caused by the initial addition or removal of a medication.
What are three general categories of emotional avoidance strategies?
Subtle behavioral avoidance, cognitive avoidance, safety signals
Why is self-monitoring important for the treatment process?
The therapist is able to discuss specific situations or events that occurred over the past week and may have contributed to emotional reactions. Patients’ retrospective recall of past episodes of anxiety may be inflated. Self monitoring forms allow for a prospective, and more accurate, account of anxiety episodes. Practicing awareness of the emotions in the present moment is believed to be an important...
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