study guide

Topics: Writing, Writing process, Writing style Pages: 52 (14665 words) Published: October 30, 2014
Study Unit

The Writing Process
Part 1
By

Lisa Rowe Fraustino, Ph.D.

About the Author
Lisa Rowe Fraustino, Ph.D., received her doctorate in English from the State University of New York at Binghamton. She is a college instructor and a freelance writer and editor. She has published many stories and articles in national magazines, and she has written two young adult novels, Grass and Sky and Ash, both published by Orchard Books.

All terms mentioned in this text that are known to be trademarks or service marks have been appropriately capitalized. Use of a term in this text should not be regarded as affecting the validity of any trademark or service mark.

Copyright © 1998 by Penn Foster, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of the material protected by this copyright may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner. Requests for permission to make copies of any part of the work should be mailed to Copyright Permissions, Penn Foster, 925 Oak Street, Scranton, Pennsylvania 18515. Printed in the United States of America

10/18/10

iii

Preview
Do you send store-bought greeting cards rather than writing your own messages? Do you conduct all of your business affairs over the telephone to avoid the need to write? Do you avoid pursuing certain jobs requiring you to write reports or letters? If so, is it because you don’t think of yourself as a good writer?

Most people don’t consider themselves good writers. However, most people don’t give themselves a chance to be good writers. Most people have misconceptions about how good writers work. In this unit you’ll identify these misconceptions, and you’ll learn about the writing process, beginning with paragraph composition.

When you complete this study unit, you’ll be able to
· Identify common misconceptions about writing
· List and describe the stages of the writing process
· Compose a unified, coherent, and effectively structured paragraph

v

Contents
YOU CAN WRITE!. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Writing Is Work
There’s More Than One Way to Write
The Writing Process Varies
Good Writers Are Rewriters
Writing Is a Way of Thinking

THE WRITING PROCESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Prewriting
Planning
Writing the First Draft
Revising and Editing
Proofreading
Presenting

WHAT IS A PARAGRAPH? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 The Topic Sentence: Stated or Implied
Unity: Sticking to a Topic
Coherence: Making Sentences Flow
Paragraph Structure
Paragraph Length

ENGLISH IN ACTION ANSWERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 PRACTICE EXERCISE ANSWERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 EXAMINATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

1

The Writing Process, Part 1

YOU CAN WRITE!
Are you afraid to write because you don’t think you’re a good writer? If so, you may have some misconceptions about the writing process. To find out if you do, read the pairs of statements in Figure 1. For each pair, place a check mark beside the statement that you believe.

For each pair of sentences, place a check beside the sentence that you believe to be true. Column 1

Column 2

❑ Writing is easy for good writers.

❑ Writing is hard work, even for good writers.

❑ There’s only one right way to write.

❑ There are many effective ways to write.

❑ The writing process is ordered; it goes step-by-

❑ The writing process goes to-and-fro and some-

step.

times in circles.

❑ Good writers get it right the first time.

❑ Good writers rewrite until they’re satisfied with

❑ Good writers know everything they want to say

❑ Good writers often find out what they want to

before they start.

their work.

say through the process of writing...
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