Study Guide

Topics: Love, Friendship, Interpersonal relationship Pages: 8 (3248 words) Published: June 19, 2013
Study Guide
Affection:
1. In each paragraph on pages 32-5, Lewis discusses a distinct characteristic of storge. Explain at least three of these characteristics, and on the basis of these features, attempt to construct a definition of this form of love Affection includes the satisfaction of being together, almost anyone can become an object of it, it ignores the barriers of age, sex, class, and education. It can exist between a clever young man from the university and an old nurse, though their minds in inhabit different worlds. It ignores even the barriers of species. Definition: Affection has no limitations. 2. What is the virtue or excellence of storge, discussed on pages 36-7? What would be the opposite vice or deficiency? The virtue lies within in the recognizable or the “old”. Affection is the humblest love. On the opposite spectrum, pride and hatred could never be forms of affection. 3. Research the terms cosmopolitanism and tolerance. What does storge have in common with these ideas, and in what way is storge distinct from them? Cosmopolitanism means to have a respect for cultural diversity. This compares to storge in that true storge is compassionate for everything that is recognizable however storge implies that it cannot be affectionate to those that are not (strangers). 4 . Lewis discusses four perversions of storge. Two are corruptions of the human need for affection (King Lear and the ‘Domestic Rudsby, pp. 41-45), and two are corruptions of gift-affection (Jealousy and Ms. Fidgit, pp. 45-51). Describe each, and how each vice could frustrate or destroy a healthy affectionate relationship. Those who are unlovable still desire to be loved and insist that if “that person loved me, they would buy me an engagement ring”. The insatiable demands made by the unlovable are sometimes made in vain, but that are so often met. Sometimes one sees a woman’s childhood, youth and long years of her maturity up to the verge of old age all spent in tending, obeying, caressing, and perhaps supporting, a maternal vampire who can never be caressed and obeyed enough. But old clothes be ill-bred if we took them with strangers. But old clothes are one thing: to wear the same shirt till it stank would be another. There are “rules” of good manners. The more intimate the occasion, the less the formalization; but not therefore the less need of courtesy. It’s bad manners to show public your private “face”. Jealousy of Affection is closely connected with its reliance on what is old and familiar. Change is a threat to affection.

Friendship:
1. Lewis argues that the Ancient and Modern worlds think and evaluate friendship very differently. Describe the difference, and explain two reasons Lewis gives for it (57-60). Very few Modern world views think friendship a love of comparable value or even a love at all. To the ancients, friendship seemed the happiest and most full human of all loves; the crown of life and the school of virtue. Friendship is in sense not at all derogatory to it, the least natural of loves; the least instinctive, organic, biological, gregarious and necessary. It has lease commerce with our nerves; there is nothing throaty about it; nothing that quickens the pulse or turns you red and pale. Friendship—in that luminous, tranquil, rational world of relationships freely chosen—you got away from all that. This alone, of all the loves, seemed to raise you to the level of gods or angels. He stresses that friendship is the least biological of our loves. Both the community and individual can live without it.

2. On pages 63-6, Lewis carefully argues that friendship is distinct from “companionship,” but grows out of it. Define what companionship is, and then describe what is added to companionship that turns it into friendship. Companionship is when two or more people are associated with each other and have a mutual respect towards one another for the sake of the shared activity they are involved in. They cooperate...
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