1. 1850-1864 : Taiping Rebellion led by Hong Xiuquan. He worked for reforms to abolish private property, share communal wealth, free education for all, end the system of concubine, and create equality between men and women. He wound up capturing Nanjing, but it was put down by the British and the French.
2. During the Second Opium War in 1860, the allegiance of European imperialist occupied the Chinese capital of Peking (Beijing). The Old Summer Palace, the Qing Chinese equivalent of a national museum, was looted and subsequently burnt down.
3. British started selling Opium to the Chinese to make a profit and eventually try to gain power over them by getting the Chinese addicted. This eventually leads to the Opium War.
1. During the 1700s, a joint-stock company called the British East India Company was chartered by Queen Elizabeth I of England. The company’s main objective was to make a profit for shareholders by exploiting the abundant natural resources and gaining access to the markets in India.
2. To do this, the British East India Company successfully used “divide and conquer” tactics to increase their control over entire regions of the Indian subcontinent. This strategy entailed fanning the flames of religious division between native Muslim and Hindu groups, and taking advantage of the political rivalries that existed between local native rulers.
3. By the 1830s, the British government had taken over control of the East India Company. Under British rule, native customs such as sati, the ritual suicide of a wife after her husband’s death, were banned. The British built schools and railroads, and missionaries spread Christianity.
4. British held most of the political and economic power and they used this to restrict Indian-owned industries including cotton textiles. This led to a loss of self-sufficiency for many locals and, in the late 1800s, India experienced a severe famine.
1. The incomes of the members of the population who work for the imperialist are very small. If one discounts the amount paid to the overseas managers, goods bought at the “company store,” and the housing furnished by the company, the total is minute.
2. Nutritionally, the underdeveloped country’s workers are frequently worse off after the imperialist country’s intervention. Although bulkier food is eaten because the employer wants a more productive worker, the diet is often deficient nutritionally. Political
1. Resentment against the British mounted in the mid-1800s. In southern India, the British and the French allied with opposed political factions to extract Indian goods for their domestic uses. A strong sense of nationalism began to take hold. In 1857, Indian Sepoys came to believe that the cartridges of their rifles were greased with pork and beef fat. This was important because to use the cartridges, the user had to bite off the ends.
2. This was a religious concern for Hindu and Muslim Sepoys who were forbidden to eat these meats. This led to the Sepoy Mutiny when 85 soldiers refused to use the cartridges. The soldiers were jailed by the British and on May 10, 1857 the Sepoys marched to Delhi. Once there, they were joined by other soldiers and eventually the captured the city.
3. The Sepoy Mutiny spread to much of northern India, sparking an intense battle between British forces and the Indian soldiers. It took the East India Company more than one year to regain control. However, the event weakened Britain's political position. Growing nationalism led to the founding of the Indian National Congress in 1885 and then to the Muslim League in 1906.
1. Self-Strengthening Movement: an attempt to restore value, and as implied by the name strength, to the weakened country through the application of Western technology and learning. Students, at home and those sent abroad, studied Western thought, languages, and science. Factories, shipyards, and...
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