Social Psychology Study Guide

Topics: Social psychology, Sociology, Motivation Pages: 43 (11456 words) Published: October 11, 2012
Hey guys! I stopped the doc from being able to be edited, since the first section is about to take the exam. This ensures that there’s no “academic dishonesty,” since I would be liable because I created the doc. Thanks to everyone who contributed, and good luck!


you guys are incredible. thank you.
Here is the website for the textbook, it has flashcards and crossword puzzles. I think it’ll be a lot more easier to use this than to create our own.

1) Science of Social Psychology- Chapter 1

● The basics - what is psychology designed to do? What are social psychologists interested in studying? ○ Social psychology is the study of how we affect and are affected by others. ○ It is designed to make sense of the diversity of human behavior and the social world ○ Interested in how social factors influence Affect, Behavior, Cognition (ABC Triad) ■ Affect: how people feel inside. How they feel about themselves, others, and various issues. ■ Behavior: What people do, their actions

■ Cognition: What people think about. What they think about themselves, others and various problems ○ Social psychologists are interested in how these three themes are affected by personal and situational forces, although they primarily focus on situation. ■ Focus on situational factors that one may not even be aware of. ● Research vs lay-theories/folk-theories-myth: catharsis decreases aggression ○ Social psychologists takes ideas that everyone assumes to be true and find out what is really true. ○ Lay Theories/Philosophy: love of wisdom

■ Similar concepts/definitions to psychology ■ Psychology is separated from philosophy because of psychology’s heavy reliance on the scientific method ■ Common wisdom or folk theories allow us to happily judge adages as being true and at the same time judge their opposites to be true: ■ Ex: fear is stronger than love. love is stronger than fear ○ Research involves the Scientific Method

● Theoretical perspective - power of situation/momentary effects ○ Stroop Task- words that spell out a color but is shaded with a different color ○ Priming: “spreading activation” planting or spreading an idea in someone’s mind; Automatic ~embedded words, memory, facilitation, personality and brands ○ Semantic Priming- study of meaning, words, phrases facilitate responses to other words “fear snake” effects are always relative ○ Schema: cognitive structures representing ideas in the mind Schema:Mind :: Neuron: Brain

■ Characteristics Schemata: exist in both Conscious/Rational and Automatic/Associative mind. Dynamic (at first); stable & resistant to change when formed) ■ Types of Schemata: concept, specific person, group (stereotypes), self (fluctuates across situations), event (stand alone), procedure/scripts ○ Scripts: an enduring cognitive structure summarizing commonalities; “restaurant script” ■ knowledge base; facilitates communication/cooperation; manifest in behaviors and narratives ● Theories vs phenomena- phenomena is what something is or what an affect is and theories are a symbolic representation of reality; accounts for why something is. ● Validity (internal vs external)- internal: control over variables and validity of measures/tests. external: generalizable ● Correlation vs causation- measures variables to see if they are related. Cause of one variable could correlate with another. correlation does NOT equal causation ● Methods for studying behavior/mental processes/physical processes- surveys, observation...
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