social psychology note

Topics: Psychology, Social psychology, Personality psychology Pages: 5 (564 words) Published: September 21, 2014
1. Relation to other areas of psychology
Perception and cognition
Motivation and emotion
Conditioning and learning
Abnormal psychology
Political science
Law and jurisprudence
Marketing and advertising
Medical science

2. Definition
Gordon Allport:

3. Social Perception and cognition
Implicit personality theory
Attribution theory
Attitude structure
Social cognition
Decision making

4. Social influence
Group dynamics
Conformity, compliance, obedience
Attitude change and persuasion

5. Social relations
Interpersonal attraction
Interpersonal and intergroup conflict
Prejudice and discrimination

6. The self
Self-enhancement /defense
Social comparison
Self in social judgment

7. The orientation of social psychology
Lay dispositionism
Testing theoretical variables
Emphasis on non-obvious hypotheses
-insufficient justification
-relative deprivation
-attitude-behavior; behavior--attitude

8. Stability of findings
History and culture bound

Every other week

Importance of social perception

Person perception and object perception
impose structure, categorization
maintain stability, dispositional inferences
expectancy-guided, stereotypes
casual agency
people are capable of volitional action
judge people according to their motives and intentions equifinality
people can implement many different strategies to achieve the same goal self-relevance
the judgments we make about others affect our self-esteem and self concept dynamic
people perceive us back, causing us to adjust our self-presentations subjectivity
judgments about people are not easily verified

Inferring personal attributes: attribution theory
people are like scientists in their desire to understand their social environment like scientists, people would like to predict, control, and explain the behavior of others exert more effective control if we can explain the causes of our own and others' behavior attribution theory deals with the initial stages of social inference does this tell me anything about the actor?

Kelly's Covariation Model
consensus, consistency and distinctiveness

Correspondence Bias

Lay Dispostionism
impute mental states (conscious experience, intentional agency) A) does it have a mind?
B) what state is the mind in?
C) which state of mind is responsible for behavior?
brains evolved to read others' intentions
ultimately, to approach desirable partners and avoid undesirable ones impute mind and intention to animals, gods.
false belief task

Metaphors for Causal Judgment
1. Person as Scientist (person v. environment)
2. person as lawyer (responsibility)
3. person as reconstructor
4. person as moralist

Stability of findings
history and culture bond

Depiction of people
evolutionary psychology
overly pessimistic?

Ethical concerns
Invasion of privacy
intense psychological

Social cognition
How pre-existing representations (categories, constructs, schemas) influence attention to new information, encoding, organization, retrieval, judgment and behavior

Common Social Schemas
person schema
traits (ex, smart, introverted, aggressive)
types (northerner, con artist)
role schema
what people in different social roles are expected to do event schema

Expectancy-Driven Processes
1. Attentional Focus
2. Recall of consistent and inconsistent events
Snyder and Uranowitz (1978)
Hastie & Kumar (1979)
Trait info (e.g., extraverted)
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