SOC 1010 study guide

Topics: Sociology, Culture, Institution Pages: 5 (1321 words) Published: October 10, 2013
SOC 1010 Exam 1:
The Sociological Perspective:
The sociological perspective deals with people and their surroundings it’s a personal aspect of people and how they develop, how personalities shape and become based on what they are around. The sociological perspective predicts behavior by

Life Chance: is the degree to which people succeed in life in areas such as education, income and health. Social Environment: social backgrounds and other aspects of society. Sociology: the study of social behavior and social institutions. Society: group of people who live within a defended territory and share a culture. Sociology and Science:

Sociology is considered a science because no matter how much a sociologist can predictions, people have their own minds. It also relies on systematic research that follow the standard rules of scientific method. Sociological imagination is refers to the ability to appreciate the structural basis for individual problems. (Personal troubles are rooted in public issues.) The difference between blaming the victim and blaming the system approach is blaming the victim is the belief that people experiencing difficulties are to blame for these problems and blaming the system is the belief that personal difficulties stem from the problems in society. We know what we know because personal experience, common sense, the media, expert authorities, and tradition. The Debunking motif is a theme of sociology which the aim is to go beyond superficial understandings of social reality. The debate in sociology regarding the social reform is the need to focus on the structural and cultural factors and various problems in the social environment that help explain both social issues and private troubles. The most recent debate is over public sociology. Generalization: a general statement regarding a trend between various dimensions of our lives. Laws: statement of physical process for which no exceptions are possible. Social Structure: social pattern through which society is organized. Horizontal Social Structure: social relationships and the social and physical characteristics of communities to which individuals belong. Vertical Social Structure (Social Inequality): ways which society or group ranks people in a hierarchy, with some more equal than others. Personal Troubles: refer to a problem affecting individuals that the affected individual as well as other member of society typically blame on the individuals own failings. Public Issues: problems in society that underline personal troubles. Theoretical Perspectives in Sociology:

Marco is the part of sociology that deals with issues involving large scale changes and social institution. Micro deals with social interaction in small settings. Functionalism: the view that social institutions are important for their contributions to social stability. Conflict Theory: the view that society is composed of groups with different interests arising from their placement in the social structure. Feminist Theory: society is filled with gender inequality characterized by women being the subordinate sex in the social, political, and economic dimensions of society. Symbolic Interactionism: Micro perspective in sociology that focuses on the meanings of people gain from social interaction. Doing Sociological Research:

Unit of Analysis: focus on sociological research, usually a person, an organization, or a geographical region. Independent variable affects (another variable) the dependent variable, and dependent variable is influenced by an independent variable. Method

Many people can be included. If given to a random sample of the population, a survey’s results can be generalized to the population. Large surveys are expensive and time consuming. Although much information is gathered, this information is relatively superficial. Experiments

If random assignment is used, experiments provide fairly convincing data on cause...
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