semantics

Topics: Linguistics, Semantics, Semiotics Pages: 111 (33997 words) Published: January 31, 2014

ANA-MARIA TRANTESCU
CLAUDIA PISOSCHI

ENGLISH SEMANTICS

Curs universitar pentru Învăţământ la distanţă

EDITURA UNIVERSITARIA
CRAIOVA, 2012

CONTENTS

forEwOrd....................................................................................................4

Unit I. Introduction to Semantics…………………………….5 1.1. A Short History of Semantics…………………………………………….6 1.2. Definition and Object of Semantics……………………………………..11 1.3. Semantics and Semiotics………………………………………………...14 Conclusions…………………………………………………………………..15 Self-assessment tests…………………………………………………………16 Exercises……………………………………………………………………..17

Unit II. The Problem of Meaning………………………………18 2. 1. The Concept of Meaning………………………………………………..18 2.1.1. Meaning as a Bipolar Relation………………………………………...19 2.1.2. Meaning as a Triadic Concept…………………………………………19 2. 2. Dimensions of Meaning………………………………………………...24 2. 2. 1. The Multiple Facets of Meaning……………………………………..24 2. 2. 2. Types of Meaning according to G. Leech……………………………25 Conclusions…………………………………………………………………..27 Self-assessment Tests………………………………………………………...28 Exercises……………………………………………………………………..29

Unit III. Motivation of meaning………………………………..31 3. 1. Absolute Motivation................................................................................32 3. 2. Relative Motivation.................................................................................33 Conclusions…………………………………………………………………..35 Self-assessment Tests………………………………………………………...35 Exercises……………………………………………………………………..36

Unit IV. Structural Approaches
to the Study of Meaning………………………………………….37 4. 1. Componential Analysis………………………………………………....37 4. 2. Paradigms of the Lexicon. The Semantic Field Theory………………..46 Conclusions…………………………………………………………………..50 Self-assessment Tests………………………………………………………...53 Exercises……………………………………………………………………..54

Unit V. Language as a Conceptual System………………..56 5. 1. Linguistic Relativism…………………………………………………..57 5. 2. Universal Semantics……………………………………………………59 5.3. The Child's Acquisition of Conceptual Categories………59 5.4. Creativity in Language……………………………………...60 Conclusions………………………………………………………………..62 Self-assessment Tests……………………………………………………...62 Exercises…………………………………………………………………..63

Unit VI. Semantic Relations
and Lexical Categories…………………………………………….64 6.1. Paradigmatic Relations………………………………………. …………..66 6.1. 1. Incompatibility/ Oppositeness of Meaning………………......................66 6. 1. 2. Synonymy……………………………………………………………...68 6. 1. 3. Hyponymy……………………………………………………………...70 6. 2. Syntagmatic Relations……………………………………………………71 Conclusions…………………………………………………………………….72 Self-assessment Tests………………………………………………..................72 Exercises………………………………………………………………………73

Unit VII. Semantic Theory within
the Framework of Generative
Transformational Grammar………………………………….76 7. 1. Semantics in the Standard Generative Theory of language……………...76 7. 2. The Semantic Component of G T Grammar……………………………..79 7. 3. Generative versus Interpretive Semantics..................................................81 Conclusions…………………………………………………………………….84 Self-assessment Tests…………………………………………………………..85 Exercises……………………………………………………………………….86

Unit VIII. New Semantic Theories……………………………………………………………………87 8. 1. Categorization. Necessary and Sufficient
Conditions Model. The Theory of Prototype………………………………….87 8. 2. Cognitive Semantics....................................................................................92 Conclusions…………………………………………………………………….95 Self-assessment tests…………………………………………………………...96 Exercises……………………………………………………………………….96

SELECTED...

Bibliography: Kleiber, G. 1990. La sémantique du prototype. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Lakoff, George.1987
Leech, G. 1990. Semantics. The Study of Meaning. London: Penguin Books.
Saeed, J. 1997. Semantics. Dublin:Blackwell Publishers.
Crystal, D., Davy, D. 1973. Investigating English Style. London: Longman.
de Saussure, F. 2004. Scrieri de lingvistică generală. Bucureşti: Polirom.
Duţescu-Coliban, T. 2001. Derivational Morphology. Bucureşti, Universitatea “Spiru Haret”: Editura Fundaţiei România de mâine.
Fauconnier, Gilles
Greimas, Algirdas, Julien. 1966. Sémantique structurale. Recherches de méthode. Paris: Seuil.
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Semantics Journal Essay
  • Semantics: Linguistics and Meaning Essay
  • Semantics Essay
  • Semantics vs. Pragmatics Essay
  • The Causes of Semantic Change Essay
  • Essay on 219 English Lexis and Semantics
  • A Critical Discourse Analysis of I Have a Dream Speech through the Semantic Use of Monetary Symbols to Reflect Injustice Essay
  • The History of Semantics Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free