What is meant by scope and limitations?
Scope of research refers to the areas that were covered in the research such as research populations.
Limitations of research are areas that were not included as part of the research. Limitations are usually determined by budget and time.
The scope and limitation should include the following:
1. A brief statement of the general purpose of the study.
2. The subject matter and topics studied and discussed.
3. The locale of the study, where the data were gathered or the entity to which the data belong. 4. The population or universe from which the respondents were selected. This must be large enough to make generalizations significant. 5. The period of the study. This is the time, either months or years, during which the data were gathered.
How To Write Significance Of The Study
You should write about the effect of your study, and how it will change the things. Talk about the benefits it will bring, how it will be helpful, to whom and why.
When writing a significance of the study you want to present why you are doing the study, what you are studying, and what you hope to achieve by completing the study.
How to Write Definition of Terms?
Guidelines in defining terms:
1. Only terms, words, or phrases which have special or unique meanings in the study are defined. For instance, the term non-teaching facilities may be used in the study of the teaching of science. Non-teaching facilities may be defined as facilities needed by the students and teachers but are not used to explain the lesson or to make instructions clearer. Examples are toilets or comfort rooms, electric fans, rest rooms or lounges, and the like. They may also be called non- instructional facilities.
2. Terms should be defined operationally, that is how they are used in the study. For instance, a study is made about early marriage. What is meant by early marriage? To make the meaning clear, early marriage may be defined as one in which the contracting parties are both below eighteen years of age.
3. The researcher may develop his own definition from the characteristics of the term defined. Thus, a house of light materials may be defined as one with bamboo or small wooden posts, nipa, buri, or nipa walls; split bamboo floor and cogon or nipa roof. This is also an operational definition.
4. Definitions may be taken from encyclopedias, books, magazines and newspaper articles, dictionaries, and other publications but the researcher must acknowledge his sources. Definitions taken from published materials are called conceptual or theoretical definitions.
5. Definitions should a\be brief, clear, and unequivocal as possible.
6. Acronyms should always be spelled out fully especially if it is not commonly known or if it is used for the first time.
Review of related literature and related studies
This chapter presents survey of related literature and writing of recognized experts, both of which have significant bearing or relation to the problem under investigation.
Guidelines in Citing Related Literature and Studies
A. Characteristics of the Materials Cited
1. The materials must be as recent as possible. This is important because of the rapid social, political, scientific, and technological changes. Discoveries in historical and archaeological research have also changed some historical facts. Researchers in education and psychology are also making great strides. So, finding fifteen years ago may have little value today unless the study is a comparative inquiry about the past and the present. Mathematical and statistical procedures, however, are a little more stable.
2. Materials must be as objective and unbiased as possible. Some materials are extremely one sided, either politically or religiously biased. These should be avoided.
3. Materials must be relevant to the study. Only materials that have some military to or bearing on the problem researched on should be...
Cited: Examples: According to Enriquez, praise helps much in learning, etc., (Enriquez, 1981)
Maglaque found out that praise is an important factor in learning, etc., (Maglaque, 1984)
Example: It has been found out that praise is an important aid in learning of children. (Enriquez, 1981)
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