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Topics: Islam, Muhammad, Qur'an Pages: 18 (3373 words) Published: December 3, 2013
Name_ Date: _10-9-13_

Key Terms
1. Abbasid caliphate

2. Andalus, al-

3. Anatolia

4. Battle of Talas River

5. Bedouins

6. dhimmis

7. Ghazali, al-

8. hadiths

9. hajj

10. hijra

11. House of Wisdom

12. Ibn Battuta

13. Ibn Sina

14. Iimms

15. jihad

16. jizya

17. Kaaba

18. madrassas

19. Mecca

20. Mozarabs

21. Muhammad Ibn Abdullah

22. Muslim

23. Pillars of Islam

24. Polo, Marco

25. Rightly Guided Caliphs

26. Qur’an (Koran)

27. sharia

28. shaykhs

29. Sikhism

30. Sufis

31. Sultanate of Delhi

32. Timbuktu

33. ulama

34. Umayyad caliphate
35. umma

Answer each question in three or four sentences. What are the Five Pillars of Islam? You may list them.

Explain the difference between the greater and lesser forms of jihad.

What key elements identified a Shia follower of Islam?

In what ways did the experience of Islam in West Africa differ from its experience in Anatolia?

Answer each of the following questions in two or more sentences.

In what ways did the early history of Islam reflect its Arabian origins?Islam drew on an Arab identification of Allah with Yahweh (the Jewish god) and Arabian self-Identification as children of Abraham. The Quran denounced the prevailing social practices of an increasing prosperous Mecca, and sought a return to older values of Arabian tribal life. The message of the Quran also rejected the Arabian tribal clan structure, which was prone to war, feuding and violence. Instead the Quran sought to replace this structure with the Umma.

6. What does the Quran expect from those who followed his teachings?

How does the core message of Islam compare with that of Judaism and Christianity? Islam is monotheistic, as is Judaism and Christianity. Allah is the only God, the all-powerful creator. As the ‘’ messenger of god’’, Muhammad presented himself in the tradition of earlier prophets like Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, Muhammad demanded social justice and laid out a prescription for its implementation.

In what ways was the rise of Islam revolutionary, both in theory and in practice?

Theories: The ways Islam differed from each other religions and ruling systems in beliefs was the reason why the religions changed the countries it came in contact with. Allah is God and Muhammad is his messenger.

Jesus was just prophet while Christians believe he is the son of God and died for our sins. Practices:

Why were Arabs able to construct such a huge empire so quickly? A shared faith in Islam allowed the newly organized state to mobilize the military potential of the entire Arab population. The Byzantine and Persian Empire were weakened by decades of war with each other and by internal revolts. Merchants leaders wanted to capture profited trade routes and wealthy agricultural regions Individuals Arabs found in military expansion a route to wealth and social promotion. Motivated b y a religious dimensions, as many viewed the mission of Empire. In terms of Jihad, bringing righteous government to the peoples, they conquered.

What accounts for the widespread conversion to Islam?

Jews, Christians, Zoroastrians could find familiar

What is the difference between Sunni and Shia Islam?

In what ways were Sufi Muslims critical of mainstream Islam?

How did the rise of Islam change the lives of women?

What similarities and differences can you identify in the spread of Islam to India, Anatolia, West Africa, and Spain?

Why was Anatolia so much more thoroughly Islamized than India?

What makes it possible to speak of the Islamic world as a distinct and coherent civilization?...
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