The Life of Rosa Parks
Composition I - 200
Instructor: Janet Smith
August 31, 2013
Rosa Parks (1913- 2005) was born in Tuskegee, Alabama. Her mother worked as a teacher and her father worked as a carpenter. When her parents separated she lived with her mother and grandparents. They lived on a farm outside of Montgomery, Alabama. They were devout Christians. When Rosa was a child she had an illness which caused her to be home schooled by her mom. Although it was mandatory for everyone to obey the laws everyone should be treated equal so the rules should apply to all in turn Rosa fought for what she believed in.
When her grandmother got ill she cared for her which caused her to fail to finish her schooling. Until in 1932 when she met and married Raymond Parks, who encouraged her to go back and finish school. Later Rosa Joined the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of colored people) in 1943 which she did for three years.
What triggered Rosa’s rebellion was the murder of a young boy of 14 years who was on vacation from Chicago, by white men. The boy’s name was Emmett Till. This was just the start of her rage which finally made her protest against giving up her seat on the bus. Rosa dedicated her live to fighting for justice, voting rights and desegregation, which finally lead to her arrest. After her arrest she was fired from her job and her husband left his as part of the conditions of his employment, because he would not discuss his wife’s legal situation.
The city of Montgomery had rules where all public transportation would be segregated; the bus was to be split down the middle giving equal seating for both blacks and whites. The drivers of said buses had the right to enforce this code just as if they were police officers. Both races paid their way on to the bus but the blacks had to enter from the back of the bus and if there were not enough seating then the white people got seats even if they had to make someone get up from the seat they were sitting in.
On the night of Rosa’s arrest the NAACP started a plan to boycott the buses in Montgomery, they put adds in the local paper and even handed out flyers in their neighborhood. On the morning of December 5,which was the day that Rosa’ was scheduled to go to trial, a group of leaders from the African-American community gathered at the Mt. Zion Church in Montgomery to discuss strategies, and determined that their boycott effort required a new organization and strong leadership. They formed the Montgomery Improvement Association, electing Montgomery newcomer Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. as minister of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church.
On October 24, 2005, at the age of 92, Rosa Parks quietly died in her apartment in Detroit, Michigan. She had been diagnosed the previous year with progressive dementia. Her death was marked by several memorial services, among them lying in state at the Capitol Rotunda in Washington, D.C., where an estimated 50,000 people viewed her casket. Rosa was interred between her husband and mother at Detroit's Woodlawn Cemetery, in the chapel's mausoleum. Shortly after her death, the chapel was renamed the Rosa L. Parks Freedom Chapel.
In conclusion Rosa fought for what she believed in, right or wrong she stood her ground. It did not matter that she was arrested she did not give in. It seems to have changed a lot of things for our future ,maybe if we did not have people like Rosa parks fighting for what is...
References: Biography.com, Rosa Parks,(2013,A+E networks)
History.com, Rosa Parks (2013,A+E networks)
McGadney, B.( July 2013) . Rosa Parks Biography
Pettinger, T (Oct.,2011) Rosa Parks Biography
Scholastics.com (n.d.) How I Fought For Civil Rights
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