How do we bring the south back into the Union?
How do we rebuild the South after its destruction during the war? 3.
How do we integrate and protect newly-emancipate black freedmen? 4.
What branch of government should control the process of Reconstruction? Wartime Reconstruction
President Lincoln’s 10% Plan
Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (December 8,1863) -
Replace majority rule with “loyal rule” in the South
He didn’t consult Congress regarding Reconstruction
Pardon to all but the highest ranking military and civilian Confederate officers -
When 10% of the voting population in the 1860 election had taken an oath of loyalty and established a government, it would be recognized Wade-Davis Bill (1864)
Required the “Iron-Clad” Oath
“State Suicide” Theory
“Conquered Provinces” Position
Ratified in December 1865
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction -
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation -
However the Black Code and Jim Crow Laws bypassed some of the 13th Amendment Freedman’s Bureau (1865)
Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands
Many former northern abolitionists risked their lives to help southern freedmen -
Called “Carpetbaggers” by white southern Democrats
President Andrew Johnson
Destroy white Supremacist
President Johnson’s Plan (10 %+)
Offered amnesty upon simple oath except Confederate civil and military officers and those with property over $20,000 -
In new constitutions, they must accept minimum conditions repudiating slavery, seccession and state debts -
Named provisional governors in Confederate states and called them to oversee elections for constitutional conventions Growing Northern...
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