Psychology midterm

Topics: Jean Piaget, Psychology, Nature versus nurture Pages: 9 (1531 words) Published: January 17, 2014
Name__________________________ Date__________

Psychology Mid-Term

Part I Multiple Choice (25 Questions at 2 points each for a total of 50 points)

There are 25 questions on Part I of the test. Each question is followed by four choices, numbered 1–4. Read each question carefully. Decide which word or expression, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question. Mark your answer by circling your response.

1. An assumption about behavior tested through scientific research is? 1. cognitive
2. theory
3. hypothesis
4. psychology

2. Psychology involves the study of behavior in
1. animals only
2. humans only
3. animals and humans
4. animals, humans, and plants

3. A general approach to gathering information and answering questions that minimizes errors and bias
1. psychology 2. scientific method
3. introspection 4. theory

4. The first modern psychologist who was primarily interested in understanding the unconscious mind was 1. Wilhelm Wundt
2. Sir Francis Galton
3. Sigmund Freud
4. Ivan Pavlov


A frequency distribution shows how often a particular observation occurs. How many students watched three or more hours of television the night before the quiz?

1. 15 2. 4
3. 2 4. 6

6. Cognitivist, such as Jean Piaget, concerns themselves with the way in which information is 1. processed, stored and used
2. encoded, decoded, and used
3. developed and processed
4. created and stored

7. A psychologist who analyzes observable behavior and studies conditioning and reinforcement 1. Behaviorist
2. Functionalist
3. Structuralist
4. Psychobiologist

8. A persons behavior usually develops as a result of?
1. attitudes only
2. heredity only
3. environment only
4. both heredity and environment

9. Before pushing an infant to master new skills, parents should wait until the infant reaches 1. maturational readiness
2. physical readiness
3. perceptual readiness
4. motor readiness


Using the chart above, why do our bodies age:
1. muscle strength decreases
2. joints deteriorate
3. hearts become less efficient
4. all of the above

11. The process of ____________involves fitting objects and experiences into one’s schemas.
1. accommodation 2. learning
3. assimilation 4. imprinting

12. When children engage in _________, they are able to picture things in their mind 1. conservation
2. representational thought
3. egocentric thought
4. attachment

13. In Harry Harlow’s surrogate mother experiment, young monkeys chose the cloth mother out of their need for 1. food
2. object permanence
3. imprinting
4. physical contact comfort

14. Infant’s response in turning toward the source of touching that occurs anywhere around his or her mouth: 1. grasping reflex
2. rooting reflex
3. developmental psychology
4. maturation


The chart above shows the average ages when milestones are usually achieved in: 1. speech development
2. physical and motor development
3. visual perception
4. cognitive development

16. Verbal utterances in which words are left out but the meaning is usually clear? 1. telegraphic speech
2. egocentric
3. grasping reflex
4. rooting reflex.

17. Kayla, a young infant, is playing with her favorite toy. Kayla's brother comes along, grabs the toy, and puts it underneath a blanket sitting next to Kayla. Kayla simply lifts up the blanket, finds the toy, and continues playing with it. Kayla has learned: 1. pretend play

2. conservation
3. object permanence
4. egocentrism

18. Principal that a given quantity does not change when it’s appearance is changed 1. conservation
2. accommodation
3. maturational readiness
4. assimilation

19. The transition period between childhood and...
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