Pothagrem therom

Topics: Louis XIV of France, Monarchy, Louis XIII of France Pages: 10 (3103 words) Published: November 15, 2013
A2+B2=C2
Shang a
Shangwjcvmskw skyjack flair Lakshadweep godlessness like slang c Hanfng
Sjdjs
Ashcroft
Jackdaw skis mechs wicks ekchw ekchw ekchw Elvis angus alfisols Elvis slvisnslvisnwlcienalvj skiff. Selfie afoajan. Glazings Fmscnf skdivuvdnwnr flick is. Flying. Glvsjd hha g
Sucks skg
A
F
A
H
S
H
S
H
D
H
D
H
D
H
S
H
D(1)Inaugurated remarkable recovery, genuinely cared about people, only king whose statue not torn down during Revolution of 1789 (2)Converted to Cath., Edict of Nantes for Prot, appointed Prot. Maximilien de Bethune chief minister, except war with Savoy kept peace, lowered taxes, pauelette annual fee to guarantee heredity in royal offices, combined taxes, subsidized Company for Trade with the Indies, ii)After assassination of Henry IV, Marie de’ Medici headed govt of child-king Louis XIII- nobles dominated political scene (1)Appointed Cardinal Richelieu to council of ministers, later pres of council, first minister of French crown (2)Total subordination of all groups and institutions to French monarchy, curbed power of nobility, reshuffled royal council, crushed aristocratic conspiracies, royal commissioners called intendants, (a)32 generalities led by intendants, apptd from noblesse de robe, not from district, recruited for army, collected taxes, checked nobility, enforce royal orders, regulate economic activities (3)Edict of Nantes “Law of Concord”- gave money to support Prot. armies, 1627 L. XIII decided to end Prot. military and political independence “state within a state”, political disobedience by Prot. (4)Siege of a Rochelle w. strong English and Dutch ties, Prot. Retained right of public worship but Cath. Liturgy reinstated, weakened aristocratic adherents of Calvinism (5)Urban protests in Dijon, Bordeaux, Montpellier, Lyons, Amiens marked by popular anger and in punishment of royal “outsiders” who announced or collected taxes (6)Authorities allowed crowds to “burn themselves out”, royal edicts suspended, prisoners released, discussions initiated. (7)Local municipalities better integrated into national structure, given power and support of Paris govt, swift and severe punishment for dissenters (8)Foreign policy focused on destruction of Habsburgs that surrounded France- treaty with Gustavus Adolphus, rights gained in Alsace and Arras (9)French Academy formed to standardize French language

(10)Revenues determine govts ability to enforce policies and programs, rights of some to vote taxes and tax exempt hurt French ability to tax (11)Secured power of local elites, shared taxes with local powers, b/c French monarchy could not tax at will- limited French absolutism (12)Raison d’ etat (reason of the state)- interest of state concerned, God absolves actions that would have been a crime (13)Richelieu’s successor Cardinal Jules Mazarin, regent of Louis XIV, attempt to increase royal revenues led to civil wars knows as the Fronde (a)Frondeur- anyone who opposed govt. influential segments of nobility, intendants, parlements, felt were being manipulated by crown and their interests ignored. Some felt taxes unnecessary, popular rebellions led by aristocrats spread to Paris, (b)Results: govt would have to compromise with bureaucrats and leaders of local institutions that contributed to state bureaucracy, French economy badly disrupted, as a child Louis XIV scared by break-in and therefore believed the only answer to anarchy was absolute monarchy g)The Absolute Monarchy of Louis XIV

i)Mazarin informal education- had Louis attend council meetings and study state papers ii)“The complete domestication of the nobility”- nobility agreed to participate in projects that both exalted the monarchy and reinforced aristocrats prestige iii)Interests of the nobility and monarchy coincided re: repression of Huguenots iv)Thru mutual collaboration the nobility and king achieve goals neither would have won without the other- increased taxation, increased access to king v)Royal court at Versailles,...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free