Policing Functions

Topics: Police, Law enforcement agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation Pages: 3 (921 words) Published: August 25, 2013
Policing Functions

Kendall Cheney
June 4, 2013
Eric Crawford

Policing Functions
Law enforcement in the United States has numerous functions that vary. There are three basic levels of law enforcement, local, state, and federal. These organizations are set up to meet the public’s needs. They do collectively work together to achieve many duties. This common purpose is to protect citizens and enforce the laws passed by legislators at the local, state and federal level of government ("Ehow Money", 2013). Each level is appointed their own responsibilities and procedures. The functions of the organizations are actually very similar ("Term Paper Warehouse", 2012).

Local law enforcement is the most common. These are municipal police officers representing cities, villages and townships ("Ehow Money", 2013). There are numerous types of local law enforcement agencies which include the following City Police Department, County Sheriff’s Office, Transit Authority Police, School District Police, Housing Authority Police, District Attorneys' Office, Investigators, Airport Police, Harbor Police, University Police, and Hospital Police ("Go Law Enforcement", 2008). The main difference between these officers and those at the state or federal level is that they are the initial enforcement front for all criminal laws. Chiefs at this level are usually appointed by the mayor however they are occasionally elected to office. These officers range from support staffers, detectives to dispatchers to jailers, who protect citizens and enforce laws passed at all levels of government. Officers at this level are limited to the jurisdiction that they are assigned to unlike the state and federal level ("Ehow Money", 2013).

State law enforcement agency officials in most American states are elected by county voters. Sheriffs and their deputies are most times responsible for patrolling an area's such as state and federal routes, as well as its unincorporated or in...

References: Ehow money. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/info_8251672_differences-state-
Go law enforcement. (2008). Retrieved from
Term paper warehouse. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.termpaperwarehouse.com/essay-
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