Plains Indians (1950s on)

Topics: Native Americans in the United States, United States, Cheyenne Pages: 3 (820 words) Published: May 6, 2012
Chapters 17-20
#2. How were the lives of the Plains Indians in the second half of the nineteenth century affected by technological developments and government actions?

Talk about American ideals; Expansionism, Nationalism
Previous events of the first half of the nineteenth century: Louisiana Purchase → Prophet and Tecumseh, religious and violent revolt, 1808 on fought, War of 1812 Indians help the British (Battle of Thames) Jackson (INDIAN HATER), Mexican American war, Improvements for Indians absolutely not included in reform wave Expansion of market economy, new inventions for agriculture as well as textile industries, new land necessary for cultivation, new weaponry for troops, no negotiations--just crush the indians! :( Previous horrid events: Trail of tears

Thesis: Despite some technological advances in Indian favor, most technological developments drove Plains Indians off their land, and government actions prompted mistreatment of the Plains Indians. Whether on purpose, or by accident, both technology and government actions led to the ultimate downfall of Native American culture and society in the Plains. Concession: Some technology allowed Plains Indians better lives. Simple Tools:

Metal plows and corn planters = easier and better cultivation → trade Blades and knives = easier to make clothing/harvest natural resources The Rifle:
Shoot better, more accuracy, more power = less hunting time and more success Defense = able to ward off other groups and enemies. Utilized against stubborn and attacking US settlers or army T1: Technological developments in agricultural machinery and military weaponry Transportation/Machinery:

Cotton gin/Reaper/Other fascinating dehumanizers
More production of cash crops
Wealthy landowners called for more land
Tapped into idea of being able to use all “God-given land” and cultivate to make it something better Trans-Continental Railroad, 1869
Brings more white settlers to the west and plains
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