Pfe Article Review

Topics: Psychology, Cognition, Cognitive psychology Pages: 7 (1362 words) Published: June 21, 2013
8/12/2010

Chapter 1 A
Introduction to Cognitive Psychology

Sarah is walking across campus. She stops for a moment to talk with a friend about the movie they saw last night, but can’t talk to long, because she has an appointment with her advisor to plan her schedule for next term, so she says goodbye and heads off in the direction of her advisor’s office.

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In these brief few moments Sarah has used 5 different cognitive processes  Perception  Attention  Memory  Language  Reasoning and decision making

Let’s look at the description again and see if you can identify these in Sarah’s Story

Sarah is walking across campus. She stops for a moment to talk with a friend about the movie they saw last night, but can’t talk to long, because she has an appointment with her advisor to plan her schedule for next term, so she says goodbye and heads off in the direction of her advisor’s office.

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Perception
 she can see her way through campus  recognizes her friend  hears her friend speak

What perception processes are you using now as you sit in this class?

Attention
she tunes out all extraneous stimulation while walking across campus seeing her friend captures her attention and she stops

What attention processes are you using now?

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Memory
remembers her friends name; her appointment with her advisor; the way to her advisor’s office; details about the movie she saw last night

What memory processes are you currently using?

Language
she talks to her friend encodes information during the conversation

How are you using language?

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Reasoning and decision making
needs to decide what courses to take what to do after graduation how long she can talk to her friend without being late for her appointment

What decisions have you made lately?

Cognitive Psychology used a million times everyday but it’s often overlooked Students are more likely to say they want to study, clinical, counseling, social or developmental psych before cognitive. But cognitive psychology influences all major fields of psychology, educational, consumer, organizational, clinical, developmental , social, physiological E.g., Social Psychology studies stereotypes , which can be considered an extreme type of categorization; Education Psychology relies heavily on the principles of cognition to discuss how students learn; much of Physiological Psychology is designed to determine the physical side of cognition.

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History of Cognitive Psychology
Your book starts with 19th century cognitive psychologists this is very short sighted. The first cognitive psychologists were . . . . Plato and Aristotle.
Raphael's School of Athens shows a gathering of ancient Greek philosophers and scientists in a Roman architectural setting. Standing in the center are Plato, left and Aristotle, right..

History of Cognitive Psychology
Plato’s Allegory of the Cave
This essay discusses our perceptions of reality. Does everyone perceive reality in the same way? The same event? Why or why not? Nativism and Deductive Reasoning Nativism emphasizes the presence of in-born or innate knowledge structures and abilities. This position stresses that cognitive abilities stem from factors that are present from before birth. Deductive reasoning emphasizes that conclusions logically follow from premises and theories.

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History of Cognitive Psychology
Aristotle
the mind is a "blank slate" at birth, a tabula rasa or clean sheet of paper a person's knowledge and abilities come from that person's own individual experiences Empiricism and Inductive Reasoning Empiricism stresses that the environment and experience shapes a person's cognitive abilities Inductive reasoning emphasizes that conclusions follow from evidence and research.

History of Cognitive Psychology
Descartes
Cogito ergo sum, "I think...
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