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4. War, Propaganda and the Media
5. The Peace Journalism Option
The Peace Journalism Option
This article is a reposting from the old POIESIS web site (which has now been replaced by some search engine site). They ran a series known as Conflict and Peace Forums and in 1997 and 1998 provided transcripts. Part 1 (1997) is provided here. It is reposted here because some articles on this site cited it. In addition, it is a useful read. You can also see the original site via Archive.org, at http://web.archive.org/web/20000822111932/ www.poiesis.org/pjo/pjotext.html This web page has the following sub-sections:
1. The Peace Journalism Option
2. Orientation vs. Objectivity
1. Bell vs Simpson
2. The Home front
3. EFFECTIVENESS against MANIPULATION
1. Threats and Ambitions
4. INFORMATION is never INNOCENT
1. Market Forces
5. WAR STORIES
6. THE NEWS VALUES of WAR JOURNALISM
1. Us and Them
2. Winners and Losers
7. THE NEWS VALUES of PEACE JOURNALISM
1. Practical Peace Journalism
2. A Voice for All Parties
3. Organisational Memory
8. STORIES of HUMAN INTEREST
1. A Focus on People
2. Victim Journalism
9. A JOURNALISM of EMPOWERMENT
1. People as Peace-makers?
10. FRAMEWORKS of UNDERSTANDING
11. A TIME of OPPORTUNITY
1. Peace Journalism and Political Reporting
2. Parliamentary vs Extra-Parliamentary Action
1. Swampy and the undercurrents Movement
13. SOLIDARITY and NETWORKING
1. The Torture Trail goes cold
2. Legitimate Tactics
3. British Airways
14. OBLIVION and RESISTANCE
15. THE FUTURE of JOURNALISM
1. Appendix A1: a short list of tasks for the Peace Correspondent3: News communication operates under the strong influence of many factors, four of them particularly relevant:4: Northern Ireland: A TRANSCEND perspective on the conflict outcome 2. Appendix B: IrelandThe peace journalism approach.News ConferenceSafeguards required in a democracy
The Peace Journalism Option
The Peace Journalism Option represents the findings of the Conflict and Peace Journalism summer school which took place at Taplow Court in Buckinghamshire, UK, over the week of August 25-29 1997. Participants comprised journalists, media academics and students from Europe, Africa, Asia and the U.S. who divided their time between lectures, workshops and debate. The resulting document is a fair representation of the findings but may not represent the whole view of any of the contributors. • Media coverage is integral to shaping the course of events in war & peace. With technology bringing more rapid and intense coverage, the connection becomes increasingly clear. • Given this, for journalists the illusion of objectivity is over. Everyone has an agenda from PR companies like Hill & Knowlton to the British Civil Service and including the news services themselves competing for ratings and sales. • Nevertheless, too much journalism swallows whole and unexamined the agenda of elites in the form of official information sources. When war is on the agenda the illusion of objectivity can be a cloak for war mongering. • This form of 'war journalism' demonises the enemy and patronises the victims. It conceals or ignores peace initiatives. • Martin Bell's Journalism of Attachment is only half a solution. However human interest stories can easily detract from proper analysis. •...
References: 1. Phillip Knightley - The First Casualty: The War Correspondent as Hero, Propagandist and Myth-Maker from Crimea to Vietnam. Andre Deutsch, 1975.
2. Martin Bell - In Harm 's Way: Reflections of a War-Zone Thug. Penguin, revised edition, 1996.
3. Terry Eagleton - Literary Theory: An Introduction. Blackwell, 1983.
8. Fergal Keane - Season of Blood: A Rwandan Journey. Penguin, 1996.
10. James Curran in Curran/Seaton - Power Without Responsibility: The Press and Broadcasting in Britain. University Paperback, (Routledge), third edition, 1988.
18. Nicholas Jones - Campaign 1997: How the General Election was Won and Lost. Indigo, 1997.
21. Robin Grove-White - Brent Spar Rewrote the Rules. New Statesman, 20 June, 1997.
22. Thaddeus C Penas and Dr Gregory Pirio - Lessons Learned: Conflict Resolution and the Media, the Voice of America. VoA report, 1996.
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