Oklahoma History Unit 1 Notes

Topics: Oklahoma, Great Plains, Native Americans in the United States Pages: 10 (3026 words) Published: May 3, 2012
Where exactly is Oklahoma?
When geographers speak of location, they are using two separate definitions, each with its own useful purpose. The first of these is Absolute Location. Absolute location refers to an exact, pinpointed location. Absolute locations involve some sort of measurement, whether it’s latitude and longitude, an address, the number of miles from an exact point, etc. Pinpointing Oklahoma on a map using absolute location involves locating latitude and longitude lines on the map. Looking on the map below, we can find the absolute location ofOklahoma on the Earth. Now that we can see whereOklahoma is located absolutely, we will move on to the next definition of location. Relative Location refers to a location that is described by its relationship to other points. These types of locations are less specific. Most of the time, relative location doesn’t provide enough detailed information to allow you to find the exact position of something. Relative Location places Oklahoma in a region relative to what is around the state. However, geographers have always had a difficult time giving Oklahoma a standard relative location. Here’s why:

* Oklahoma is the most northern of the southern states because of its ties to the Old South’s economic and culture traditions. * Oklahoma is the most southern of the northern states because of its air and space industry ties as well as its incorporated technology. * Oklahoma is the most eastern of the western states because of its Wild West history. * Oklahoma clearly can be labeled as a southwestern state due to its climatological nature. * Oklahoma is a southeastern state because of its Native American inheritance. Clearly, Oklahoma is a border state, a buffer zone, and an area of transition. So where do geographers put Oklahoma when it comes to relative location? Excellent question. The answer is geographers put Oklahoma wherever it best fits for their particular subject they happen to be researching at the time. Oklahoma’s Dimensions

Oklahoma is bordered by six other states. Starting in the north and going clockwise -Kansas, Arkansas, Missouri, Texas, New Mexico, and Colorado. Oklahoma has an area of about 70,000 square miles, which makes it the 18th largest state in the United States. It is bigger than all six New England states combined and is bigger than any single state east of the Mississippi River. The northern border of Oklahomais 464 miles long and its eastern border is 230 miles long. The state is divided into 77 counties and has a population of approximately 3.5 million people according to the 2000 census.  The 10 biggest cities in Oklahoma are, in order of most population: 1. Oklahoma City          6. Edmond

2. Tulsa                        7. Midwest City 3. Norman                    8. Enid                                      4. Lawton                    9. Moore
5. Broken Arrow           10. Stillwater.
Oklahoma City is the State Capital.
Road Trip!
Oklahoma’s Ten Geographical Regions
1.) Ouachita Mountains – located in the southeastern corner of the state, these mountains boast the tallest mountain in the state, Rich Mountain, which tops out at 2,900 feet. CavanalHill, near the town of Poteau, has been claimed as the world’s tallest hill at 1,999 feet (“mountains” begin at 2,000 feet). 2.) Red River Plains – located in the southeast corner of the state, these plains were used for large plantations in the 1800s. 3.) Sandstone Hills – located to the east of Tulsa, sandstone hills were the location of the first commercial oil wells in the state. 4.) Wichita Mountains – named after the Wichita Indians, the most famous of these mountains is Mt. Scott, named after General Winfield Scott. These mountains contain a national wildlife refuge and Fort Sill, while the neighboring city of Lawton looks on. Elk Mountain in the Wichita Wildlife Refuge has a hiking trail that leads to the top. Photo reprinted with permission of Brian Jones.

5.) Red Bed...
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