MUTED GROUP THEORY

Topics: Decision making, Decision theory, Irving Janis Pages: 12 (2725 words) Published: November 2, 2014
COMMUNICATION THEORY
KOM 5111

PUSAT PENDIDIKAN JARAK JAUH (PJJ)
CENTRE FOR EXTERNAL EDUCATION

Nama:

KOMATHY NALLU

No.

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012-3888 488

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E-Mel:

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Sesi

SEPTEMBER 2014/2015

Pusat

JM 40877

KAMPUS UPM

Tugasan

KOM 5111

Individu

COMMUNICATION THEORY

Tajuk

ANALYSIS OF COMMUNICATION THEORY

Tugasan

TUGASAN 1

Nama
Pensyarah
Markah
Asas
Markah
Diperolehi

KOMATHY NALLU
JM 40877

Tarikh Serahan

DR. MOHD NIZAM OSMAN

17/10/2014

COMMUNICATION THEORY
KOM 5111

Analysis of Communication Theory
NO
1

CONTENTS
MUTED GROUP THEORY

PAGE
1-3

a. Introduction
b. Application
c. Examples
d. Assumption
e. Weakness
f. Strength

2

1. JANIS GROUPTHINK THEORY

4-6

a. Introduction
b. Eight Symptoms
c. Prevention
d. Weakness

3

CONFLICT

7

4

ANALYSIS

7-8

5

CONCLUSION

8-9

BIBLIOGRAPHY

KOMATHY NALLU
JM 40877

COMMUNICATION THEORY
KOM 5111

ANALYSIS OF COMMUNICATION THEORY
1. MUTED GROUP THEORY
a. Introduction
Muted group theory is critical theory concerning the certain groups of who remain powerless compare to the others. Edwin Ardener, a British anthropologist, introduces the concept. His noted contribution in anthropology are the studies on gender and found that the studies made by many ethnographers in the society was generalised to the male population accumulated the finding accepting only one side. The voices of the women and other unheard have been ignored and muted. The narrow perspective to the society ignoring almost half of the population affected the studies of the muted group theory brought a light into the powers of the marginalised in the society. Another scholar Cheris Kramarae, a professor in women studies upheld the idea that, communication was started by men and due to that reason they take advantage of women. While speaking, women are considered less powerful than men and the reason behind is this is simple psychology. Women’s needs are emotionally driven unlike men and thus the perspective of the women from men in all aspects. b. Application

The muted group theory can be applied to understand the problems of the marginalised groups. As women now become powerful and equally contribute to her family and though awareness, the perceptions dominance can be changed. The focused only on the dominant voice can be altered by reflecting the society as a whole.

c. Examples
Women being stereotype can be seen in the mass media and which is converted into a 1

KOMATHY NALLU
JM 40877

COMMUNICATION THEORY
KOM 5111

popular culture. The women are portrayed as a sex symbol in the most of the advertisement for the male products. The perspective of the male towards women has been narrowed down to either sexual or emotional symbols.

d. Assumption
Women perceive the word differently from men because of the women’s and men’s different experience and activities rooted in the division of labour. Besides that, male are the dominant group in the society which will make female’s point of view to be lest competent and the same time opportunity are not given equally. To be a part of the society and to dominate, female must act similar to those of the dominant groups, in terms of their perception towards things. Here does not only revolve on crossgender situations. Muting of a certain group can be applied and seen too many cultural groups. This is where the race, religion and native of a person make them drop into the muted group as well.

e. Weakness
As women, has there been a time in the workplace where they are not given opportunity to express themselves effectively. These happen every day in the workplace with the controversy over men and women’s role in the workplace. People in this group often feel they have no power in giving voice to their perceptions because they must re-encode their thoughts to make them understood to the public sphere. Women many...
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