Level 2 Diploma in Health & Social Care
Unit 4222-205 Principles of Safeguarding and Protection
* Physical abuse - can include hitting, biting, slapping, force-feeding and pinching. Physical abuse is causing physical pain, injury or other physical suffering to a service user. * Sexual abuse - forcing a service user to take part in any sexual activities, performing sexual acts and forcing that person to watch sexual acts against their will, may also include making sexual threats and comments * Emotional/psychological abuse - subjecting the service user to bullying, verbal abuse, swearing and ridicule causing low self esteem. * Financial abuse - unauthorised use of the service users property, money or other valuables. * Institutional abuse - failure to provide basic care can occur in any care home, hospital or any in-patient setting. * Self-neglect - is a behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, appropriate clothing, feeding, or tending to any medical conditions they have. * Neglect by others - when a support worker/carer who is responsible for the care of a service user fails to provide basic care. This can also cover Institutional abuse and self neglect.
* Physical abuse - indicators can be multiple bruising, fractures, burns, signs of force feeding when the service user refuses to eat, depression and weight loss, becoming withdrawn or aggressive and assaulting others. * Sexual abuse - torn, stained or bloodied underwear, soreness around the genital area. Sexually transmitted disease and pregnancy. Loss of sleep and unexplained changes in behaviour and signs of self harm. * Emotional/psychological abuse - changes in behaviour, refusing to go to work or mix with friends or colleagues in activities. *Financial abuse- Bank account withdrawals, loss of personal belongings, improper use of power of attorney, and missing financial records. *Institutional abuse- More than one person miss treated, rooms dirty, few choices of activities and complaints not addressed *Self neglect- Bruises, bite marks, burns, cuts, illness, weight loss/gain, and miss use of substance. *Neglect by others- this can be accidental or deliberate, can be most of the above but mainly. Bruises, bite marks, burns, cuts, illness, weight loss/gain, and miss use of substance.
There are a number of factors that may contribute to an individual being vulnerable to abuse these include the following. A person with learning difficulties often has low self-esteem and no sense of self worth. This person often accepts abuse as a trade off for being helped on occasions. Someone who has been physically and emotionally abused in the past. Someone that has been sexually abused. People who have substance abuse problems. The mentally ill or homeless. Someone who is mentally handicapped or medically dependent people, such as nursing home patients or people with debilitating diseases like MS, Parkinson's, or cancer. The elderly are often at risk as they are isolated they may have no regular visits from family members, a family member will act if abuse is suspected however if no family members are present then abuse can occur. Also at risk are children, this is because they may not have someone to protect them and are often abused by people in their lives.
You have to report it as soon as possible. Keep an accurate record of everything you see, say and hear. Go as high in the company as you think necessary to be sure you aren't reporting the abuse to the abuser.
The same applies if it is the family who you suspect as the abuser. Accurately document the abuse and report to your supervisor.
Report to Manager then follow directions.
Contact Manager if I believe that photographic evidence is required, I maybe instructed to take the service user to see a doctor, or call the police if required the abuse must go on record...
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