Midterm study guide

Topics: Special education, Learning disability, Mental retardation Pages: 34 (6133 words) Published: November 1, 2014
Important General Information:
Defintions
Exceptionalities: Gifted and talented, exceptional abilities related to music, art, etc. (full continuum) Refers to children with learning and/or behavior problems, physical disabilities, or sensory impairments, with superior intellectual abilities and/or special talents Disability: some sort of basic limitation (not negative) that may or may not effect their lives depending on the environment in which they function (part of the continuum) When an impairment limits a person’s ability to perform certain tasks Impairment: refers to the loss or reduced function of a particular body part or organ Special Education: helps those who are gifted and talented

Handicap: a problem or disadvantage that a person with a disability or an impairment encounters when interacting with the environment At Risk: children who, although not currently identified as having a disability, are considered to have a greater than usual chance of developing one “Esteeming” vs. “demeaning” labels à inaccuracy (not everyone with autism has an intellectual impairment); change language to take away negative terms •

“the autistic” describes the person as his disability, they are a person firstà“The person with autism” is describing the person who just happens to have a disability •
uses a chair vs. is confined to a chair

language uses makes a difference
Retardation: means to slow down (as a word its fine, but society has given it a negative connotation); its come to be used as a put down “temporarily able bodied” – anyone can become disabled at any time in life; disability minority group is the only minority group we can join How does how we talk about people affect how we think about people? - It is going to affect the way things are projected about said person - Could accidently add pity or a negative connotation

- Don’t want to take away their power
How can the use of labels both help and hinder children with exceptionalities BenefitsDisadvantages
-recognizes differences
-leads to helpful responses
-access to proper accommodations and services
-protective responses from peers
-research
-advocacy groups-focuses on disability
-can lead to peer rejection
-automatic low expectations
-negatively effect self-esteem
-misused as excuses
-stereotyping
The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis: Language shapes perceptions of the world and forms ideological preconceptions People First Language: Self advocates; not universally accepted; worthy of consideration; required in this class (always put the person first!!)

Previous Ways To Handle Those With Disabilities
-
Elimination: wanting to try to eliminate those type of people different from others; totally prevent from living •
Attempt to rid society of those with disabilities

Sterilizationà prevent reproduction of those with disabilities •
They were the first people eliminated in the holocaust

Abandonment and exposure (ancient Greeks) à left to die

Eugenics: attempt to limit the gene pool to the preferred genes •
Selective abortion (we are able to tell early on if the fetus has down syndrome) •
Active euthanasia:

Passive euthanasia: allowing the individual to die (withholding food, nutrients, etc. to allow the individual to die): mostly at birth •
Medical discrimination: later in life; should a child with down syndrome be able to get a heart transplant or very expensive surgery paid for by insurance/government if they have a shorter lifespan anyway? -

Ridicule: entertainment

Students with disabilities become entertainment

Physical abnormalities

“Freak show”

The village idiot à court jesters

“The Elephant Man” à born “normal” but then started forming deformities (growths on face); confined to workhouse, escaped four years later to join a freak show, while on exhibition, he was discovered by a London physician and admitted to London Hospital where he remained until he died due to accidental suffocation -...
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