INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINOLOGY COURSE OUTLINE
1.) Overview on the importance of the study in Criminology 2.) Criminology and its derivation/definition
a.)Definition of terms
3) Criminal Law
Statement of logomacy : Nullum crimen sine poena nulla poena seni legi.
“There is no crime when there is no law punishing it”
7) Divine Law
8) Special Law
11) Criminalisics – the application of all sciences in crime detection, the study of criminal things
Branches of Criminalistics:
a) Fingerprint Identification
b) Firearms Identification
c) Questioned documents
12) Crime mala prohibita
* Acts that are wrong because they are prohibited by Law
13) Crime mala inse or perse
* They are crimes which are perse wrong because they are condemned by the moral Law or the general opinion by the civilized society. They are crimes which are inherently evil in itself.
14) Mens rea or criminal intent
15) Intent – the design, determination, or purposed with which a person uses a particular means to effect certain results, it shows the presence of will in the act that
consummates the crime.
- The accomplishment of the act
16) Motive – the one who induces the criminal act.
3) Understanding crime
Elements of Crime:
a) There must be an act or omission
b) It must be committed by means of dolo o culpa
c) It must be punishable by the criminal law or special laws Elements of Dolo
Dolo or deceit – there is dolo when the act was done with deliberate intent. Elements of Culpa:
c) Lack of skills , lack of foresight , negligence or imprudence. Culpa or Fault – there is fault when the wrongful act was a result due to negligence and
4) Understanding Criminology
Is Criminology a Science?
George Wilker argued the Criminology cannot possible becomes a Science Edwin H. Sutherland and Donald Crassey American authors of the book “Principles Of Criminology state that Criminology a present is not a Science but it has hope of become a Science absolute Science is the same at all times and in all places. What makes Criminology is not an absolute Science is that on how they define crimes on Their penal laws of different countries.
Nature of Criminology
It is an applied Science – in the study of the causes of crimes we use different field of studies Of Science such as : Anthropology,Psychology,Sociology and other natural Sciences. While Crime detection : chemistry,medicine,psychic,mathematics,ballistics,photography,legal Medicines, questioned documents maybe utilized.
5) It is Social Science – Crime is a social creation and it all exists in the society of being a social Phenomenon.
6) It is dynamic – Criminology will change as the social condition change. 7) It is Nationalistic – the study of crime is base on the existing criminal law on a particular Country, as to whether it is punishable under the criminal law of that country.
3 SCOPE IN THE STUDY OF CRIMINOLOGY:
1) Making of laws – early laws in a world wide setting
a) Code of Hammurabi – Babylon 1700BC
b) Mosaic Code – Israelites 1200BC
c) Dracunian Code – Greece 17th Century
d) Hindu code of Manu – India
e) Koran – Islamic society
f) Law of 12 tables – Romans
g) Maragtas code
h) Code of Klantiao
2) Breaking of Laws – all violation of Laws are a violation of the will of the majority in the society. Laws are passes because of the consensus of the will of the public. 3) Reaction of the society towards the breaking of the Laws – the society may...
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