Infection Control

Topics: Infectious disease, Infection, Immune system Pages: 3 (578 words) Published: May 1, 2013
Infection Control Policy and Procedures
Always wash your hands:
* After using the toilet
* After changing a diaper — wash the diaper-wearer's hands, too * After touching animals or animal waste
* Before and after preparing food, especially before and immediately after handling raw meat, poultry or fish * Before eating
* After blowing your nose
* After coughing or sneezing into your hands
* Before and after treating wounds or cuts
* Before and after touching a sick or injured person
* After handling garbage
* Before inserting or removing contact lenses
* When using public restrooms, such as those in airports, train stations, bus stations and restaurants Hand washing procedure:
Follow these instructions for washing with soap and water:
* Wet your hands with warm, running water and apply liquid soap or use clean bar soap. Lather well. * Rub your hands vigorously together for at least 15 to 20 seconds. * Scrub all surfaces, including the backs of your hands, wrists, between your fingers and under your fingernails. * Rinse well.

* Dry your hands with a clean or disposable towel.
* Use a towel to turn off the faucet.


Universal precautions
CDC definition: "a set of precautions designed to prevent transmission of HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and other blood borne pathogens when providing first aid or health care. Under universal precautions, blood and certain body fluids of all patients are considered potentially infectious for HIV, HBV and other blood borne pathogens" Universal precautions apply to:

* blood
* bodily fluids containing visible blood
* semen
* vaginal fluid
* cerebrospinal
* synovial, pleural, peritoneal, pericardial, and amniotic fluids * needles, scalpels and other sharp instruments

Universal precautions are achieved by using protective barriers that include: * gloves
* protective eyewear...
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