PRINCIPLES OF SAFEGUARDING AND PROTECTION IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE
1 – Know how to recognise signs of abuse
1.1 Define the following types of abuse
1.2 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse Type of Abuse
| Symptoms and signs
| Hitting, slapping, pushing, pinching, force feeding, kicking, burning, scalding, misuse of medication or restraint,Catherisation for convenience of staff, refuse access to toilet, leaving person in wet or soiled clothing
| Bruising, finger marks, fracture, cuts, scratches, pressure ulcers, rashes, black eyes, welt marks, scalds, cigarette burns, history of unexplained falls, loss of weight, deterioration of health, soiled clothing, mood changes, reluctance by the individual to be alone by the alleged person
| Rape, sexual assault, masturbation, indecent exposure, sexual harassment, penetration of intimate areas, involving a vulnerable adult in pornography, participation of sexual acts without consent.
| Provocative behavior, prostitution, sexual abuse of others, self injury, disappearing from the home environment, aggression, anxiety, tearfulness, frequent masturbation, refusal to undress for activities, self destructive behavior Pregnancy, bruises, scratches, genital or urinary infections, blood marks on underwear, abdominal pains.
| Bullying, blaming, ignoring, shouting, swearing, excluding, humiliation, emotional abuse, threats of harm, controlling, intimidation, coercion, harassment, verbal abuse, deprivation of dignity, deprivation of stimulation
| Shouting, screaming, swearing , depression, withdrawal, weight loss, reluctance by vulnerable adult to be alone with abuser,
| Theft, fraud, exploitation, misuse of property, possessions or benefits, pressure in connection with wills, property, inheritance or financial transactions.
| An individual not being able to manage own financial affairs, family unwilling to pay from residents funds, person not made aware of financial matters, family asking regularly for money, very few personal possessions, sudden change of will, other people moving into person’s property, unexplained shortage of money. Unexplained disappearance of personal possessions.
| Privacy and dignity not respected, no choice given over mealtimes, bedtimes, no freedom to go out, personal correspondence opened by staff, complaints procedures deliberately made unavailable, the setting is run for the convenience of staff, excessive doses of sedation given
| Depression, sleeping a lot, anxious, not mixing with others, weight loss, unhappy, wellbeing deteriorating
| Not eating, not washing, not receiving medication, cutting and physically abusing one-self, drinking too much alcohol, taking drugs, refusing support, not leaving in a clean and safe environment.
| Physical illness or disability, weight loss, memory and concentration problems, sensory loss or difficultly, learning difficulties, mental health problems, unclean, undernourished, alcohol and drug misuse problems.
| Neglect by others
| Care not given and the individual suffers has a result. Not providing adequate food, not providing assistance where needed, not ensuring is adequately clothed, leaving someone alone, failing to provide a clean and safe living environment, not giving medical care, not providing social care support.
| Hunger, weight loss, depression, anger, pain, anxiety, smelly, sores, skin rashes, medical condition deteriorating, individual reluctant to be alone with the alleged abuser, confusion, upset.
1.3 Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being vulnerable to abuse. Some of the factors that may contribute to an individual being vulnerable to abuse are:- Poor quality staff training, lack of knowledge and understanding by staff, Poor communication between supported person and staff member. Being in the company of a person that is...
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