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The RussianRevolution was not merely a culmination of event from 1905-19-17, but was the result of political, economic and social conditions from centuries of corrupt tsarist rule.The RussianRevolution of 1917 involved the collapse of an empire under Tsar Nicholas II and the rise of Marxian socialism under Lenin and his Bolsheviks. It sparked the beginning of a new era in Russia that had effects on countries around the world.The RussianRevolution of 1917 was one of the most significant events in the 20th century. It completely changed the government and outlook on life in the very large country of Russia. The events of the revolution were a direct result of the conflict in World War I.
Many problems had led to the debilitating situation in the early 20th century for explain like social, economic and political conditions led to the RussianRevolution. For the social conditions Russia needed to educate the population. Many peasants were hungry and starving caused many to die of starvation. Many peasants were unskilled and forced into labor. Also A large majority of the population was illiterate meaning didn't know how to read and write, so many were jobless and uneducated. Factory owners wanted workers who knew how to read and write and...
...“Why were there two revolutions in Russia in 1917? Why did the Provisional Government exist for mere months, yet the Bolsheviks had consolidated their authority in the country by Lenin’s death in 1924?”
Between February and October in 1917, two revolutions occurred due to the Governments failing to fulfill the needs of the Russian people. With the Tsar in power during Bloody Sunday that formed riots and Government unrest and also the Russo-Japanese War and World War One that left the Russian people humiliated and in disarray. The reign of the Provisional Government was short due to failures to provide land and food to the peasants and also the failure to pull Russia out of World War One caused chaos throughout Russia once more. The rise of Lenin and the Bolsheviks saw their authority being quickly introduced with some major decisions they had made. Pulling Russia out of World War One had a strong negative influence on Russia, but Lenin insisted it was best for the country. The Civil war saw Lenin’s failed War Communism policy and saw the rise of the New Economic Policy (NEP) that reignited agriculture and factories once more.
It has been made clear that the outbreak of the 1917 February revolution, was the result of Tsarist Russia failing to meet the needs of the Russian people. Tsar Nicholas II, the leader of Russia from 1868-1918, was an autocratic ruler who had no intention on...
...The Bolshevik Revolution
The century preceding the RussianRevolutions of 1917 was a time punctuated by periods of social and political unrest intermingled with war. During this time there were several attempts made to overthrow the autocratic government, but each failed for various reasons including indecisiveness, lack of preparation and timing. Those involved in the February Revolution of 1917 succeeded where the previous uprisings had failed. They brought an end to autocratic rule of Russia when they forced Tsar Nicholas II to abdicate the throne. However, the newly created Provisional Government, made up primarily of the bourgeoisie (the middle class factory and business owners), and the Petrograd Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies, made up of the factory workers and soldiers, disagreed on what reforms were needed and how they should be carried out. Their inability to rule effectively and to meet the needs of the people, made it possible for the Bolshevik party, the communists, to seize power in the October Revolution of 1917. After a three year civil war between the “Reds”, supporters of communism, and the “Whites”, anti-communists, the Bolsheviks prevailed and established the Union of Soviet Socialists Republics, or the U.S.S.R.
To understand what caused the RussianRevolutions in 1917 we have to take into account that the common peoples of Russia had...
...Ali Adenwala 12J Due: 5/1/15
Why did the Bolsheviks succeed in 1917 whilst other political parties failed to gain power? [2nd Draft]
The Bolshevik’s seizure of power was due, significantly, to the external environment of deterioration festering around them at the time, the most incremental and significant being the failure of other political parties to act and distance themselves from the Provisional Government. This directly heightened Lenin’s role in the revolution, allowing him to exploit these weaknesses, with the help of Trotsky, whom he appropriated successfully to achieve the parties main end: a socialist, Bolshevik government, Sovnarkom.
Lenin placed Trotsky as the leader of the Petrograd Soviet’s Military Revolutionary Committee (MRC) on September 25th 1917, to carry out a planned uprising, where Trotsky, between October 24th and 25th, ordered the Bolshevik Red Guards to seize key positions in Petrograd. This led to the taking over of railway stations, and post and telegraph offices, meaning that the PG was left totally defenseless, allowing the Bolsheviks to seize control. The most crucial factor, however, was timing, where the Bolsheviks were able to take this power behind the veneer of Soviet control, minimizing chance of opposition. It is arguable, nonetheless, that even without this planning, seizure would still be within easy reach, due to...
...30.1 Revolutions in Russia
* RussianRevolution: long time in coming
* Oppression of 19th century czarssocial unrest
* Revolts: army officers in 1825, peasants, secret groups plotted
* 1881 students assassinated Alexander II (reformer)
Alexander III Upholds the Autocracy
* Autocracy: gov’t with total power
* Program of “autocracy, orthodoxy, and nationality”—led to censorship, secret police, exile
* Oppression: goal was to create uniform culture
* Russian was official language
* Persecuted Jews—no land ownership, live in segregated areas, pogroms (organized violence against Jews)
Nicholas II Resists Change
* Goal was to preserve czarist tradition, but too many changes
* Economic growth:
* Russia behind industrially
* Pushed for growth in heavy industry (i.e. steel), competitive by 1900
* Trans-Siberian Railway—longest rail line, connected all of Russia
* Revolutionary Movement Grows:
* Problems associated with industrialism grew; unions outlawed
* Huge gap bet. rich & poor economically & politically
* Marxism attracted followers—“dictatorship of proletariat”
* Split in group over tactics for revolution, Mensheviks & Bolsheviks (Marxists who supported a small group to begin radical change)
* Lenin—leader of Bolsheviks, excellent organizer, ruthless; fled Russia to avoid arrest
...The year 1905 was the year of violence, murders, killings, and bloody in Russia. The year 1905 was also the year of the ‘revolution’ to some extent. The Tsar did not only face the ‘revolution’ that took place in Russia, but also the great defeat and shame of the Russo-Japanese War. The three major groups of people in Russia, the liberals, proletariat, and peasants were opposing the tsardom and trying to revolt. However, throughout 1905, the tsardom came out alive and strong enough regardless the turmoil that was caused by the revolution and the great defeat in the Russo-Japanese War.
By the 20th Century, the Russian people were seeking for radical change. Knowing about this, the government looked for a distraction from its internal problem and also to gain pride and fame by expanding its nation to Asia. They believed that no one could take them in a war and with a victory; they hoped the people of Russia would give back the government their support. Russia declared war with Japan in 1904 to take control of Manchuria and the Korean Peninsula. This was later known as the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. Expecting a short victorious, Russia was defeated by the Japanese on land and at sea. Russia was in a great shame and many military forces looked back at themselves, thinking that Russia is so weak. Therefore, some turmoil happened in the military force itself. For example, the battleship Potemkin experienced a mutiny...
...The RussianRevolution of 1917 was certainly a turning point in Russianhistory. Many events led to the revolution, which actually consisted of two revolutions, the March Revolution and the November Revolution. By the end of the revolution, it was deemed successful. The Bolsheviks had successfully taken over Petrograd and within a short time controlled Russia. “Power had passed from the moderates to a small band of dedicated extremists with a vision of an entirely changed society.” (Findley-Rothney, p. 89)
The most obvious of causes would be the circumstances in Russia. Russia was in a state of distress before the revolutions occurred. The food shortages were a major problem. There was not nearly enough to go around and prices were high. The people of Russia were forced to pay high taxes and the gap between the poor and the rich was widening every day. Some people were also not satisfied with the tsar’s, Nicholas II, autocratic rule and wanted to replace it with a more democratic system.
Bloody Sunday was also a major factor that played into the brewing of the revolutions. It managed to trigger a revolution of its own. In 1905 on Sunday, January 22nd more than 200,000 workers gathered in St. Petersburg. Cities were rapidly industrializing and more often than not, the laborers suffered grueling hours and...
...French and RussianRevolutions
The years 1789 and 1917 held similarity in the fact that they were the beginning of years of utter chaos in Europe. In 1789, France was at the beginning of what was to be known as the French Revolution. And coincidentally so was Russia in 1917. These revolutions changed Europe in many ways, especially politically; the aftershocks were felt for decades after. Resemblances were held in the initiation execution, and follow-up; some differences did exist as well in the process. The wars of 1789 and 1917 held mainly social and political similarities as well as a few differences.
The French revolution in 1789 evolved out of a state of fiscal crisis. France had lost copious amounts of money supporting the American Revolution. There was famine across the country; the peasants were unhappy. France had no money, and Louis XVI consulted an advisor on the issue. In the end, the Estates-General, a form of parliament, was born. The third estate, ordinary people, became frustrated and vowed at the Tennis Court Oath on June 20th, 1789; it can be considered a bottom-up revolution, beginning from the lower class. The Russianrevolution emerged out of a similar scenario. There was widespread famine and poverty across Russia. Bloody Sunday in 1905, a demonstration marched towards the Winter Palace, was orchestrated by peasants,...