History of Psychology Study Guide

Topics: George Berkeley, Metaphysics, John Stuart Mill Pages: 3 (515 words) Published: September 17, 2014
Exam #1

Chapter 1-Historical Studies: Some Issues
-historiography, great-person theory, historical development approach (zeitgeist) -presentism vs. historicism, internists (old), historians (new) -1960s history of psychology
-rationalists, empiricists, epistemology, nativism, mechanism, vitalism, active mind, passive mind, materialists, idealists, monist -dualism: interactionism, Emergentism, Epiphenominism, psychophysical parallelism, double aspectism -determinism: physical, psychical, indeterminism, Nondeterminism (hard and soft) -Karl Popper vs. Thomas Kuhn, Paul Feyerabend

Chapter 2-Greek Psychology (Philosophy)
-animism, anthropomorphism, transmigration of the soul, relativism -Socrates  against relativism, knowledge as virtue

Plato
-the analogy of the divided line (sensory info, ignorance, opinion), true forms, Academy, reminiscence theory of knowledge -tripartite mind (appetitive, affective, rational)

Aristotle
-student of Plato, Lyceum, rationalist, teleology (purpose)
-scala naturae, unmoved mover, active reason, passive reason, common sense, five senses (sensation) -memory vs. recollection, laws of association (contiguity, similarity, contrast, frequency) - pleasure and pain in motivation, advocated golden mean

Chapter 4-The Beginnings of Modern Science and Philosophy
Renaissance
-black death, rebirth of inquiry, rising interest in human condition, doubts of church, geographical knowledge, interests in quantification and math -Ptolemy’s geocentric work challenged by Copernicus’s heliocentric -Galileo’s telescope, primary vs. secondary characteristics -Isaac Newton, natural laws are absolute, space time, matter, force -empiricism (passive mind, induction)

-Francis Bacon (scientific method, idols of tribe, cave, marketplace, theater, naturalistic approach to dreams) -rationalism (active mind acts upon sensory, deductive)
-mechanism
-Descartes (systematic doubt, “I think therefore I am”, nativists, dualist, animals no...
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