What two economic systems were fused to make feudalism?
Feudalism was a mix between the Latin Empire and the Germanic invasions. Therefore, the Roman and German economic systems were fused together to create it. The two societies were very different, but after spending some time so close together, began to adopt parts of each other. Christianity was adopted, and Germanic law superseded that of Roman law. One main difference was that Roman society had privately held land, where as German society did not.
Why was Jerusalem such a contested city?
Jerusalem was such a contested city because it was adopted by three faiths. These groups were the Christians, the Jews and the Muslims. Each faith adapted Jerusalem as a holy site. It was triply contested by all three faiths.
How did the Muslim concept of jihad change over time?
At first, Muslims made the term jihad central to their self-understanding. They adapted the term to mean ‘striving’. Muslims believed in expanding the Islamic empire, and saw jihad as their individual duty to do this. After this stage, during the empire building stage, the concept of jihad changed. At this stage, it was an offensive term, which affected both Muslim and non-Muslims. This was from the 8th to 16th Centuries. Finally, jihad became a term of resistance against colonial rulers. This was when Muslim countries were colonized.
How did the Byzantine Empire differ from the Roman?
The Byzantine Empire emerged from the Roman Empire’s eastern remains. At this stage, the East and the West were further separating, due to the Schism of 1054 CE. This meant that the Latin Christians of the West, and the Orthodox Christians of the East were further separating. Those of the East, the Byzantines, began to develop more of a Greek culture. They began to speak Greek, and adopted a Greek style of living. Like in the Roman Empire, slavery continued. Another difference between the Byzantine Empire and the Roman Empire was the Roman’s military force. Romans used the power of their military.
How did Romans differ in their use of slaves from the Greeks? Both Greek and Roman societies relied heavily on slavery. The idea was taken by the Greeks. With the rise of the Roman Empire, the concept of slavery was adapted to their society. However, Roman society relied so heavily on slaves that they were the thriving force of their economy. The Roman economic system was built on slavery. The Greeks developed the term ‘oikos’, which was later adapted to ‘familia’ by the Romans. This was a unit based on slavery. Slaves were domesticated in large numbers. Romans saw slaves as their property, such as animals. Slave masters were considered ‘owners’. Some slaves were even castrated.
What key event triggered the slave mode of production?
The key event that triggered the slave mode of production was the Roman destruction and conquest of Carthage in Africa in 146 BCE. When the Romans destroyed Carthage, they were faced with a sudden input of slaves. This forced them to change their Economic system, leading to the slave mode of production.
What evidence do we have of an improved life for freeborn women under the Romans? Freeborn Roman women were now allowed to participate in sports, as depicted by mosaics at the Villa Romana del Casale in Sicily. These women were also allowed to divorce. From the previous era of the Greeks, women were allowed to attend afternoon lectures at Plato’s academy, showing early signs of improvement, which was furthered by the Romans.
What were the three aspects of religion in ancient Egypt? In ancient Egypt, the belief was in polytheism, that is, the belief in multiple deities. The Egyptian gods were said to have three main aspects. These aspects were that they were cultic, in that they each had their own temple, they were cosmic, in that they each had natural powers, and linguistic, in that if they were named, they existed, and they had a genealogy.
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