Topics: Native Americans in the United States, United States, Mississippi River Pages: 16 (1185 words) Published: September 23, 2014

Chapter 1:
Native Americans shared different views than the colonizers. (they wanted to bring colonization to North America) They did not agree on punishment of murder. (Europeans and Native Americans) The cultural superiority turned when -- Captain William Claiborne’s trading post in 1635, Maryland - Wicomess Indians (they were going to the trading post on business) encountered enemy Susquehannock Indians—they presented inappropriate behavior (making fun) in public towards the Wicomess Indians (refusing to endure public humiliation)—and the Wicomess men later ambushed the Susquehammock group, killing five, then returning to the post and where three Englishmen were then murdered.

Wicomess dispatched a trusted messenger to inform government of the matter—and they intended to “offer satisfaction for the harm…done to the English” (meaning take a life for a life)

Native Americans addressed Susquehammocks (Native American Indians) death themselves.

The Wicomess leader was surprised when the governor praised them for coming forward about the incident and basically said, “I expect those men that did this crime shall be delivered upon me, and I shall do with them as I think fit.” The governor did not understand the Native American’s procedure for murder. (If an incident like this occurred, they would “redeem the life of a man that is so slain with a 100 Arms length of Roanoke” (beads that they make, and use for money.)

Since the governor wanted prisoners, he said basically, “since you are strangers and are coming to our country, (English settlers) you should comply to the way we do things in our country, than impose your customs upon us.” It would have been the other way around if the tables were turned and the murders were committed in England he would be the one defending “The Customs of our Country” (meaning if it was his people, he’d want it dealt with his way.)

(talks about progression and New World – 3 races; Africans, Europeans, and Native Americans)

Peopling of America did not begin until 1492.
Columbus proclaimed “New World” but really it was 3 worlds; Europe, Africa, and America. Earth’s climate was colder 20k years ago
Glaciers went as far as south as the present states of Illinois, Ohio, and covered broad sections of western Canada. Much of worlds moisture was transformed into ice
Oceans dropped hundreds of feet below their current level.
Receding waters created a land bridge connecting Asia and North America, a region now submerged beneath the Bering Sea that modern archaeologists named Beringia Much of North remained free of glaciers.

Paleo-Indians pursued giant mammals (megafauna), wolly mammoths and mastodons, for example—across Beringia. Hunters were first to step foot on an uninhabited content.
They never developed a sense of common identity due to highly nomadic people and migration took place over a long period of time. Each group focused on self-survival
Adjusted to opportunities as they came
Paleo-Indians differed little by other Stone Age people found in Asia, Africa, and Europe. Health-wise, something occurred on the Beringian tundra.
Altered history of Native Americans

The small migrating groups stopped hosting transferrable diseases; such as smallpox and measles.

Native Americans no longer suffered any major illnesses; (although they did suffer miner, such as tuberculosis.)

No major epidemic under normal conditions that would of killed a large percentage of them (Native Americans) every year. -Physical isolation of the bands (small groups) may have protected them from getting these contagious diseases.

(Another theory says epidemics have frequently been associated with domestic animals such as cattle and pigs.) Since Paleo-Indians did not domesticate animals, not even horses, this may have avoided the microbes that caused virulent European and African diseases.

-Native Americans still lost immunities to these diseases that...
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