Chapter 1 - In Review
How are health and wellness defined?
Health is defined by the World Health Organization as a state of complete physical, mental, social, and spiritual well-being, not just the absence of disease. Wellness is defined as the process of adopting patterns of behavior that lead to better health and greater life satisfaction, encompassing several dimensions: physical, emotional, intellectual, spiritual, interpersonal or social, environmental, and, in some models, occupational. Very often, people want to have good health as a means to achieving wellness, an optimum quality of life.
What factors influence a person’s health?
Individual health-related behavior choices play a key role in health, but economic, social, cultural, and physical conditions—referred to as the social determinants of health—are also important, along with the person’s individual genetic makeup. Community health and public health actions are needed to ensure the personal health of individuals.
What is health-related behavior change?
The process of changing a health behavior (for example, quitting smoking, changing your diet) has been conceptualized in the Stages of Change Model as unfolding over several “stages of change,” from precontemplation to maintenance of new behavior.
What health-related trends are occurring in our society?
As the United States becomes more multiethnic and multicultural, concepts of health and wellness from other cultures are being integrated into Western health care. At the same time, advances in medicine and health care have not reached many minority groups in the United States. Eliminating health disparities among different segments of the population is one of the broad goals of the national health initiative Healthy People 2020.
What health challenges do we face?
Health challenges for individuals include learning to be more informed consumers of health information and making lifestyle decisions that enhance rather than...
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