Globalization Study Guide

Topics: Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization, Food security Pages: 9 (2217 words) Published: November 4, 2012
Globalization Final Study Guide
Sustainable Development: sustainable “economic” development, long-term economic growth depends on careful stewardship of the natural environment. Resource use aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met for the future

Deterritorialization of Religion: Roy claimed it’s primarily caused by migration, Muslim Ummah (Muslim world–Commonwealth of the Believers) quest for definition, for Islam to fit every culture

Liberalization & The Environment: environmentalists say liberalization = unequal economic growth, resources paying for debt, competition (race to the bottom), increased pollution, unsustainable consumption of resources, political unrest while free traders say trade promotes growth and alleviates poverty = environmental benefits, elimination of trade barriers = inc value of resources, environmental progress is easier to achieve under conditions of prosperity

Global Economy & Disease: global trade (IMF/structural adjustments) reduce gov role in healthcare, unhygienic irrigation/packaging practices/storage/non-indigenous crops more susceptible to indigenous pathogens

Environmental Change and Disease: Climate change-global warming higher temp & precipitation/humidity, water supply-dams ecological changes affect disease vectors (associated w/ inc. malaria), deforestation inc contact humans w/ pathogens/ dec natural predators of disease vectors / inc malaria in stagnant runoff water pools / loss of biodiversity

Jihad & McWorld: dialectical nature, one can’t exist without the other, short run retribalization global jihad against globalization (Babel) vs. long run globalization (Disneyland). Jihad bloody politics of identity exclusion and hatred w/ paternalism and tribalism vs. McWorld consumption and invisible hand rather than common good through democratic institutions, repeal gov regulations

Ethnic Identity: largely fixed during our lives/an identity assigned at birth, societal distinctions or specific attributes between groups of people, related to self determination

Ethnicity: race, not inherently political, collection of same people born in same land

Clash of Civilizations: Samuel Huntington outlined 8 main cultures (religions) “people who share ethnicity and language but differ religiously may slaughter each other” (Western, Confucian, Japanese, Islamic, Hindu, Slavic-Orthodox, Latin American, African(?)) de-westernizing, indigenization of societies, hinduization

Environmentalism & the Developing South: more appeal in the North than South? An excuse to continue the North’s long standing practice of military and economic intervention, focus on the south is way for North to deny its own responsibility, calls to link environment w/ security = deep suspicions about ulterior motives

Collectivity: part of environmental issues – collective action problems difficult to accomplish, common pool resources, infinite possibility of free-riding

Irreducibility: part of environmental issues – holistic in nature, we cannot approach only one part, we have to consider them as a whole

Characteristics of Environmental Issues: Complexity – interpenetration, pollution down the road / temporal and spatial uncertainty – what will happen in the future, how much is it going to affect us? / spontaneity – things tend to happen fast especially in environmental disasters

Chinese Triad: Chinese criminal organizations along w/ Thais, Burmese & affiliated gangs in Europe / US / Pacific Rim involved in opium trade

Food Security: all people at all times have physical and economic access to sufficient, self-nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life (UN’s Food & Agriculture Organization)

Green Revolution: early 20th century problem not producing sufficient food to feed expanding population, GR 1950-1984 development of high-yielding varieties of cereal...
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