French Language

Topics: Centuries, 2nd millennium, French language Pages: 18 (1324 words) Published: December 3, 2013
SELF ORIENTATION PROGRAMME
JANUARY 2013

Introduction to the Arts in France

FRENCH CULTURE AND CIVILISATION

A very rich cultural heritage
Architecture
Literature
Music

Painting/Sculpture
Cinema

Architecture
From vestiges of Roman

Roman amphitheatres
still in use today

Lyon (Fourvière)

Orange

buildings e.g. many 2000 years
old Roman amphithéâtres still in
use today
To ultra modern designs such as
the Centre Pompidou in Metz

Cathedrals

Notre Dame de Paris
12th-13th centuries

ANNE FAVIER-TOWNSEND

Saint Jean, Lyon
12-14th centuries

Chateaux
Château du Sou (Rhône)
14th century

Chenonceau (Loire Valley)
16th century

INTRODUCTION THO THE ARTS IN FRANCE
1

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JANUARY 2013

19th century buildings
Eiffel Tower

Arc de Triomphe

20th century buildings
The Louvre Pyramid

The Grande Arche de la Défense

Literature
Marie de France (12th century)

FRENCH CULTURE AND CIVILISATION

19th century buildings
Opéra de Paris

Université Lyon 3

21st century Buildings
Viaduct de Millau (2004)

Centre Pompidou - Metz (2010)

Literature
16th century

Francois Rabelais
Gargantua et Pantagruel

Ronsard

Written in
Anglo-Norman
(old French
language)

ANNE FAVIER-TOWNSEND

INTRODUCTION THO THE ARTS IN FRANCE
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FRENCH CULTURE AND CIVILISATION

Literature
17th century
Cyrano de Bergerac

Literature
17th Century
Molière

Literature
18th century
Voltaire (Candide)

Jean-Jacques Rousseau
(The Social contract)

Madame de Lafayette

Literature
18th Century
Olympe de Gouje
1st feminist!
Payed a heavy
price for
fighting
women’s cause

Literature
19th century
Victor Hugo
(Hunchback of Notre Dame)

ANNE FAVIER-TOWNSEND

Alexandre Dumas
(Count of Monte Cristo)

Literature
19th century

Honoré de Balzac
(La comédie Humaine)

Emile Zola
(L’assomoir, Germinal)

INTRODUCTION THO THE ARTS IN FRANCE
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JANUARY 2013

FRENCH CULTURE AND CIVILISATION

Literature
19th century

Paul Verlaine/Arthur Rimbaut
(Symbolist poets)

Gustave Flaubert
(Romantic realist)

Literature
20th century

Marcel Proust
(In search of lost time)

Jean-Paul Sartre/Simone de Beauvoir
(existentialist philosophers)

Literature
19th Century
George Sand

Louise Michel

Literature
20th century

Albert Camus
(1913-1960 - ‘The Outsider’)

Antoine de Saint Exupéry
(1900-1944 – The Aviator, Southern Mail , Night Flight,
the Little Prince)

Literature
20th century

Literature
20th century

Marguerite Duras

Marguerite Yourcenar

With Alain Robbe-

1st woman “académicienne”

Grillet et Nathalie
Sarraute, created a
new genre:

L’Académie Française”:

“nouveau roman”,

founded in 1635 to protect

“The lover”

French language

“Moderato
cantabile”

ANNE FAVIER-TOWNSEND

INTRODUCTION THO THE ARTS IN FRANCE
4

SELF ORIENTATION PROGRAMME
JANUARY 2013

FRENCH CULTURE AND CIVILISATION

17 Nobel Prizes for French literature since 1901
 1901 - Sully Prudhomme









(The first Nobel Prize in
literature)
1904 - Frédéric Mistral
(wrote in Occitan)
1911 - Maurice Maeterlinck
(Belgian)
1915 - Romain Rolland
1921 - Anatole France
1927 - Henri Bergson
1937 - Roger Martin du
Gard
1947 - André Gide






1952 - François Mauriac
1957 - Albert Camus
1960 - Saint-John Perse
1964 - Jean-Paul Sartre
(declined the prize)
 1969 - Samuel Beckett
(Irish, wrote in English and
French)
 1985 - Claude Simon
 2000 - Gao Xingjian

Contemporary writers
Bernard Henri Levy

Michel Houellebecq

Bandes dessinées: a very popular art form

Contemporary writers
Tatiana de Rosnay
Text

International Comic Strip Festival
Angoulême - Poitou Charente
31/01/2013 to 03/02/13

Composers
Hector Berlioz
(1803-69 - Symphonie Fantastique)...
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