...System of latitude and longitude developed by eratosthenes third century BC
Latitude is measured as the angle between a line from earth's center to the measurement point. Specifies north south position.
Longitude is measured as the angle between a line from earth's center to the prime meridian (green which); they are circular with identical radii at a given latitude. Keeping accurate time is necessary to measure longitude.
Lines of latitude are always the same distance apart, but distance between two lines of longitude varies with latitude.
Magellan expedition 16th century- First voyage around the world. Only 18 out of 260 sailors managed to return after three years of dangerous travel and circumnavigating the globe.
Continued Research in Oceans
United States Exploring Expedition launched in 1838 was a naval and scientific expedition.
HMS Beagle, on which Charles Darwin served as a naturalist, voyaged to South America and some pacific islands
Matthew Maury 1847 produced the first atlas on winds and currents based on ship logs
HMS Challenger expedition- first oceanic expedition dedicated to scientific research
20th century Satellite technology- more data, less expensive, global.
Average Depth- 3,796 meters
Average temp- 3.9 degrees, 39 degrees F
Average Salinity- 34,482 grams per kg.
Average Land Elevation- 840 meters
Age- 4 billion years
Mean temp of the earth 14.0 C or 16 C
Chemical Comp of Earth
...ensure than an e-commerce site continues to function as intended
Confidentiality- ability to ensure messages and data are available to those who are authorized
example of privacy violation- online purchasing history being sold to other merchants without your consent.
Example of integrity violation- an unauthorized person intercepts online communication nd changes its contents
Spoofing is a threat to integrity and authenticity
dimension of e-commerce security not provided by encryption= availability
Secure channels of communication
SSL, certs, VPN, (not secure FTP)
a filter preventing unwanted packets entering a network is called a firewall
cash DOES NOT provide float
Stakeholders in payment systems
consumers, financial intermediaries, government regulators, (except ISPs)
P2P payment systems are a variation of a stored value payment system
marketing technique that involves merchants offering products or services for a very low price for a limited time is called flash marketing
highest percentage of online users= email
social e-commerce growth
social sign-on, network notification, collaborative shopping, (except intelligent agents)...
...Review for midterm
Note: You must be able to perform calculations, make decisions under various alternative situation. Simply knowing the definition is not sufficient to earn good grade.
Prepare Cost of goods Manufactured schedules/Cost of goods sold statements
Cost of goods sold statements : Calculate missing amounts from given data set
Difference between Job costing and process cost system
Cost flow in Job order costing (Cost accumulation and assignment by cost elements), including journal entries
Be able to calculate applied manufacturing overhead/under-over applied manufacturing overhead from given data, including adjustments of under-over applied overhead
Cost flow in process cost system
Be able to prepare production cost report and its components
Analyze Production cost report
Compute missing data within the production cost report
*Only Weighted average method
Know cost behavior, identify types of costs from given data set and why it is so important
Apply High-low method to determine fixed/variable cost
Assumptions of CVP analysis
Be able to prepare CVP income statement
Compute Contribution margin, and contribution margin ratio
What is Break-even point
Be able to complete break-even analysis under different scenario
Include Target net income with break-even...
...Number of questions
Focus of studying
1.1 Differentiate the roles and responsibilities of the athletic trainer from other medical and allied health professionals.
Role of ATC’s, team physicians and the sports medicine team
1.2 Explain the regulatory agencies for athletic training and the guidelines for certification and licensure.
Organizations for AT’s (Ex. NATA, BOC, CAATE, etc.)
1.3 Examine the history, role, and functions of the National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA).
Important events that shaped the AT profession
2.1 Explain legal concepts related to medical or allied health care professionals.
Concepts of torts/negligence (mal/mis/nonfeasance), scope of practice, state regulation (ex. licensure)
2.4 Identify and explain disqualifying conditions for physical activity and causes of sudden death.
2.5 Identify and describe the components of a PPE.
Components and descriptions of components, complete the medical history questionnaire
3.1 Examine NATA position, consensus, official and support statements.
Environmental position statements, heat illness, lightning, cold, acclimatization
4.1 Explain principles related to heat and cold illnesses recognition, prevention, and treatment.
4.3 Describe appropriate emergency treatment related to environmental conditions.
4.4 Describe acclimatizing to altitude, air pollution, and...
...1. Interest rate can affect both of the income and the price of assets of the financial instruments.If the interest rate goes higher,the amount of financial instruments’loan and their acquiring funds will get less.Meanwhile,the price of stock and bonds that any financial instruments had owned will go down.Conversely,the sentence above also established.So that a change in interest rate can affect the profitability of financial institutions.
2. The Federal Reserve System is the central banking system,which is responsibility for setting policy on monetary matters such as the management of interest rates and the quantity of money,also referred to as the money supply which can affect interest rates,inflation,and business cycles,all of which have a major impact on financial markets and institutions.So the managers of financial institutions care about the activities of the Federal Reserve System quite much.
3. Because the essence of adverse selection problem is the lender-savers are not quite aware of the product they would buy.In other words,I’m known my family member who is kind of reliability well than a stranger I know him or her nothing at all,so I reckon there will be a higher probability to take back my funds.So due to the asymmetric information between me and the stranger,I prefer to make a loan to my family member rather than a stranger.
4. (1)According to the formula
...MIDTERM EXAM + ANSWERS TOTAL POINTS: 100
1) The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) has been given the authority by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to develop generally accepted accounting principles. (2 point)
True or False
Answer: Previously the Securities and Exchange Commission worked with organizations of professional accountants to develop generally accepted accounting principles; today this is handled by the Financial Accounting Standards Board.
2) Which of the following best describes the balance sheet? (3 points)
A. It includes a listing of assets at their market values.
B. It includes a listing of assets, liabilities, and stockholders' equity at their market values.
C. It provides information pertaining to a company's assets and the providers of the assets.
D. It provides information pertaining to a company's liabilities for a period of time.
Answer: The balance sheet reports the assets, liabilities, and stockholders' equity at their historical costs.
3) Husky Company has provided the following information for its most recent year of operation:
Cash collected from customers totaled $89,300.
Cash borrowed from banks totaled $31,700.
Cash paid to employees totaled $32,100.
Cash paid for interest totaled $2,900.
Cash received from selling Husky stock to stockholders totaled $41,000.
Cash payments to banks for repayment of money borrowed totaled $7,500.
Cash paid for...
...COMM 399 Final Examination - Feb 2013
Page 1 of 9
F INAL E XAMINATION
Feb 25, 13:00-14:30pm, 2012
a) Do not turn to the second page before the invigilator announces the start.
b) Write ALL your answers in your Exam.
c) This is a closed book exam. However, you can use one piece of cheating
sheet (both pages can be used). You are not permitted to use computers,
internet, or cell phone during the exam.
d) The examination takes 1.5 hours. There are three questions, with a total
of 20 points.
e) Try to make your answers concise and to the point. A penalty applies
when your answer includes irrelevant or false information which indicates
your lack of knowledge to the question.
f) In the last ten minutes of the exam, you are not allowed to leave the
g) Sign the Acknowledgement of UBC Plagiarism Policy below before start.
Acknowledge of UBC Plagiarism Policy
In taking this examination, I acknowledge and accept the UBC Plagiarism Policy.
COMM 399 Final Examination - Feb 2013
Page 2 of 9
Problem 1 S. M. Entertainment (6pt)
Figure 1: EXO
S.M. Entertainment is a Korean talent agency and producer of pop music. Its name, S.M., stands
for Star Museum. Since its founding in 1990s, S.M. has created successful artist groups including
HOT, TVXQ, Super Junior, f(x), EXO (Figure 1), etc. In 2011, the company’s gross revenue rose
to 99 million US dollars, mainly from sales...
...Theology Review Sheet
Tillich- Faith is the ultimate concern
Tilley- irreducible source of meaning and center of energy.
Four Misunderstands of faith according to Tilley
Reduces faith to believing things
Equates having faith with behaving morally
Reduces faith into something that we feel “deep in our souls”
Equates faith as being religious
Buddha- The Awakened one/ the enlightened one
Pascal’s Wager- It posits that humans all bet with their lives either that God exists or does not exist.
Skeptical Rationalism- Faith is not acceptable if there is no proof or something to back it up.
Ex: If person A says he loves person B because she is kind but if you cant prove person B is kind then your faith does not exist
They believe that faith is an irrational belief that a proposition is true.
Believing Rationalism- Reduces faith to one’s acceptance of some proposition as true.
Accept belief based on faith. One accepts the revelation on fith because God can neither deceiver nor be deceeivered.v
If one can show that it is rational to accept such propositions, one has shown that the faith founded on those propositions s reasonable.
Argue that a reasonable person can accept a propositioin such as “god exists” and that this reasonableness is a foundation for his faith.
The Gallup Fallacy-We commit a Gallup fallacy if we infer that such acceptance of a proposition says much about a person’s or nation’s faith.
If we say catholic jews...