Fedralism

Topics: India, Government, States and territories of India Pages: 2 (577 words) Published: June 17, 2013
Federalism is a political concept in which a group of members are bound together by covenant (Latin: foedus,covenant) with a governing representative head. The term "federalism" is also used to describe a system of governmentin which sovereignty is constitutionally divided between a central governing authority and constituent political units (such as states or provinces). Federalism is a system based upondemocratic rules and institutions in which the power to govern is shared between national and provincial/state governments, creating what is often called a federation. The Government of India (referred to as the Union Government) was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories. The governance of India is based on a tiered system, in which the Constitution of India delineates the subjects on which each tier of government has executive powers. The Constitution originally provided for a two-tier system of government, the Union Government (also known as the Central Government), representing the Union of India, and the State governments. Later, a third tier was added in the form of Panchayats and Municipalities. In the current arrangement, The Seventh Schedule of the Indian Constitution delimits the subjects of each level of governmental jurisdiction, dividing them into three lists: * Union List includes subjects of national importance such as defence of the country, foreign affairs, banking, communications and currency. The Union Government alone can make laws relating to the subjects mentioned in the Union List. * State List contains subjects of State and local importance such as police, trade, commerce, agriculture and irrigation. The State Governments alone can make laws relating to the subjects mentioned in the State List. * Concurrent List includes subjects of common interest to both the Union Government as well as the State Governments, such as education, forest, trade...
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