Sociological Foundations of Education
Welcome to the study of another important subject in the Bachelor of Education Curriculum. By the end of this course the student will be able to: 1.
Define, sociology and sociological foundations in education. 2.
Identify any five important points about the relevance of Sociological foundations in education. 3.
Examine indigenous Ghanaian Education System and its influence on Western Formal Education. 4.
Draw a distinction between educational sociology and sociology of education. 5.
Analyze the dichotomy between rural and urban education delivery. 6.
Discuss the dynamics and import of culture.
Define socialization and its relevance to Western Formal Education. Definition of Sociology and Sociological Foundations in Education 1.
Vander Zanden sees Sociology as the scientific study of human organization. 2.
Agyeman (1992, p.47), sees “Sociology” as “ a discipline which studies the nature and functions of human societies and the changes that take place within them.” He believes that sociology is largely concerned with understanding the relationships that exist between people which ultimately govern their behavior within the society. 3.
Metta Spencer considers Sociology as the study of human group life. The question is, what is human group life? Human group life refers to the life of people in an institution. Such people are governed by conventions (unwritten constitution, or unwritten rules and regulations), with aims and purposes for gluing them together within a particular location. 4.
Sociology as a discipline is interested in what makes human group life, possible, within a given society. 5.
What is society? The term society refers to the entire complex network of the social world. It may refer to social life in the abstract, without reference to a specific place, but more often, it refers to a country, a nation or a state like Ghana, Nigeria, Gambia, etc.
What is Educational Sociology?
Bhattacharya (2003, 2006, p.1., in Brown 1947), defined Educational Sociology as the application of Sociology to educational problems. Educational Sociology is particularly interested in finding out how to manipulate the educational process to achieve better social and personality development. Educational Sociology asks the question what problems or influence does society bring to the school. What is Sociology of Education?
Sociology of Education on the other hand emphasizes on the nature of human relations within the school and the social structure within which the school operates in the Community. In other words, Sociology of Education is concerned with what problems or influence the school brings to or /has on the society. Corollary:
Educational Sociology—the influence of society on education. Sociology of education—the influence of education on society.
Sociological foundations in education
Now that we understand sociology of education and educational sociology, we can apply the concepts to identify what the course, sociological foundations in a education seeks to achieve. This course is like a hermaphrodite. Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary defines hermaphrodite as a person, an animal or a flower that has both male and female sexual organs and characteristics. The Course considers the influence of society on education, and also that of education on society. These two themes run though the course like a thread that holds a number of beads together.
How societies thrive
Societies last long, because they meet the following characteristics: Each society has a
culture and population.
In –built mechanisms to achieve these needs.
Ghana as a country for instance, needs to reproduce to replenish her population; she does this by
educating her citizens,
producing goods and services to meet the social...
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Antwi, M.K.(1992). Education, society and development in Ghana. Accra-
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Benson, D. (1977). Total Man. (Wheaton: Illinois, Tyndale House Publishers
Brown, F. (1947). Educational Sociology. New York: Prentice Hall.
Bhattacharya, S. ( 2006). Sociological Foundations in Education (New Delhi,
Atlantic Publishers), p.1
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