Dongtan

Topics: Sustainability, World energy resources and consumption, Sustainable development Pages: 19 (1098 words) Published: November 23, 2013
2007 PIA

Dongtan Eco-City, Shanghai

National Congress
Perth, WA

Roger Wood
Arup
4th May 2007

2007 PIA

Why Dongtan ?
Ch
o
Ya
ng
tze

ng

mi
ng

Ri
ve
r

Isl
an

National Congress
Perth, WA

d

Dongtan

N

1

2007 PIA

What Dongtan ?

National Congress
Perth, WA

8,400
Hectares
No Infrastructure

Ramsar Site

3 Hours to Shanghai

2007 PIA

How Dongtan ?

National Congress
Perth, WA

2

2007 PIA
National Congress

vision and leadership

Perth, WA

“China’s current development is ecologically
unsustainable, and the damage will not be
reversible once higher GDP has been achieved”
Zhenhua Xie, Minister of State Environmental Protection Agency

2007 PIA
National
like much of the world, China is Congress
Perth, WA
becoming
more urban

“Urban population is to reach 1.12 billion by 2050 – this is a shift of more than 600 million people from rural to
urban.”
Guangming Daily

3

2007 PIA
National Congress
Perth, WA

November 2005

2007 PIA

Dongtan will be an

8,400

National Congress
Perth, WA

hectare city

situated on Shanghai’s Chongming Island
Commissioned by SIIC
Designed by Arup
First phase delivery by 2010
A unique planning methodology
Major social, environmental and
economic benefits
Connected by a new road/rail link
to be completed in 2009

4

2007 PIA
National Congress
Perth, WA

2007 PIA

integrated

National Congress
Perth, WA

urbanism

Human and Environmental Health
Economic Vitality and Individual Prosperity
Energy
Housing
Nutrition and Urban Rural Linkages
Mobility and Access
Education and Culture
Governance and Civic Engagement
Water
Materials and Waste
Ecological Footprint

5

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National Congress
Perth, WA

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The Sustainable Approach

National Congress
Perth, WA

6

Sustainability Principles

2007 PIA
National Congress
Perth, WA

The key principles of the sustainability framework are:
• To preserve the wetland habitat
• To create an integrated, vibrant and evolving community
• To improve quality of life and create desirable lifestyles • To create an accessible city
• To ingrain contemporary Chinese culture into the city fabric • Managing the use of resources in an integrated manner
• Working towards carbon neutrality
• Utilizing governance to achieve long term economic, social and environmental sustainability

Dongtan Eco City – Principles

2007 PIA
National Congress
Perth, WA

7

2007 PIA

VALUE THROUGH DESIGN

National Congress
Perth, WA

SPeAR

Virtuous Cycles

2007 PIA

Linear City

National Congress
Perth, WA

2020

8

2007 PIA

Sustainable Appraisal / Management Process

National Congress
Perth, WA

Task 1: Sustainability
Appraisal Framework
e.g. cost
e.g. wind energy

Task 2: Development of
design options

e.g. space

Task 3: Populate IRM
model and evaluate
design options
Task 4: Reporting on
output of IRM model

2007 PIA

Town of three villages

National Congress
Perth, WA

clusters and centres

9

Town of three villages
walking and cycling

Town of three villages
road network

2007 PIA
National Congress
Perth, WA

2007 PIA
National Congress
Perth, WA

10

2007 PIA
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Town of three villages

Perth, WA

town centre

Compact city

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National Congress

low rise & high density – 3 to 6 storeys / 1.2 average plot ratio 75 dwelling per hectares / 80,000 people

Perth, WA

image to be changed - modified

11

52d/h

Compact city

73d/ PIA
2007
h

National Congress

Perth, WA

120d/h
100d/h

2007 PIA

Compact city

National Congress
Perth, WA

planned development by 2020

634 Ha

Land Developed

57%

Development Area / 43% Open Space, Water and Major Roads

27,000

Dwellings

5.1 M sqm

Gross floor area

55%

Residential as proportion of GFA

24%...
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