1.Distinguish between pidgins and creoles.
Pidgin language is a simplified language that develops as a means of communication between two or more groups that do not have a language in common. It is most commonly used in situations such as trade, or where both groups speak languages different from the language of the country in which they live in (but where there is no common language between the groups). In addition, pidgins have a distinct set of characteristics that make them differ from the first and second languages spoken by the pidgin developers. For example, the words used in a pidgin language lack inflections on verbs and nouns and have no true articles or words like conjunctions. In addition, very few pidgins use complex sentences. Because of this, some people characterize pidgins as broken languages. If the pidgin is used long enough, it begins to evolve into a more rich language with a more complex structure and richer vocabulary. Once the pidgin has evolved and has acquired native speakers (the children learn the pidgin as their first language), it is then called a Creole. Creoles share more grammatical similarities with each other than with the languages from which they derived from. An example of a creole includes Swahili, which grew out of Arabic and Bantu languages in eastern Africa.
2. Explain how they are related, i.e., from pidgin to creole. Pidgins become creoles when they become the mother tongue of the society. A creole will have greater vocabulary and grammatical structure then that of a pidgin. These groups choose one of the languages to be dominant and simplify it so that all can understand and use it (Wardhaugh, p. 58). As time goes on and another generation is born into this pidgin they develop it as their first language. As a first language they need more structure and vocabulary in order to be able to fully communicate. In creating this structure they develop the pidgin into a creole. (Wardhaugh, p. 59)
3. Explain the...
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