Discuss U.S. intelligence oversight. Is the process sufficient? If not, how should it be changed?

Topics: Ruhollah Khomeini, Iran, Iranian Revolution Pages: 10 (3207 words) Published: June 22, 2014

Mujahadeen-e-Khalq
(MEK): Organization Profile and Red Cell Analysis
Week Eight, Course Project

Student Name
8/26/2012

American Military University
HLSS 320


Contents
Part I - Organization Profile
Introduction: MEK Overview ......…………...........................................………………3 Origins, Ideology and Goals ..............................................................……………….... 3 Leadership, Funding and Capabilities ...........................................................................5 Operating Bases, Support Bases, Strengths and TTPs ........…………………………...6 Part II - Red Team Analysis

Why Use Red Team Analysis? .........................................................................................7 Restate Current MEK Goals ...........................................................................................7 Key Assumptions Check ................................................................................................8 Data Collection Options ..................................................................................................10 Use of the Intelligence Community ...............................................................................12 Most Effective Intelligence Analysis Strategies .............................................................12 Conclusion ......................................................................................................................13 Bibliography……………………………………………………………………………...........14  

Part I - Organization Profile
Introduction: MEK Overview
The Mujahadeen-e-Khalq (MEK) is also known as the People's Mujahedin of Iran (PMOI). MEK has been sporadically active in attempting to overthrow the Iranian government since the early 1960s, and its members have used a variety of tactics to achieve their political ends including political campaigning, subversion, and violent attacks targeting civilians. Due in part to their targeting of American civilians living in Iran during the 1970s and their support of Saddam Hussein, the United States State Department has listed MEK as a Foreign Terrorist Organization. In October 2012, the U.S. State Department will decide whether to remove MEK from the FTO list based on MEK's denouncing terrorist tactics and devotion to diplomatic means to gain power versus violent attacks (Masters 2012). Origins, Ideology and Goals

MEK was born out of a student-group resistance to Shah Pahlavi in 1965. The founding members of MEK in Tehran regarded the Shah as a U.S. puppet, and they felt that his westernization of Iran went against Iran's traditional Islamic values. They believed in a violent overthrow of the Shah to return Iran to Islamic rule. In 1979, the group aligned itself with Ayatollah Khomeini in hopes that it could run for office after Shah Pahlavi's exile, but Ayatollah Khomeini succeeded in overthrowing the Shah and he crushed any opposition to his new government. Since 1979, MEK has been trying to gain the opportunity to run for office in Iran's government by shifting alliances and violently attacking the forces, which have prevented its political ambitions (Goulka 2009). In 2003, the group publically denounced violence in an attempt to foster global political support, but its place on the Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) list is blocking it from achieving its desired global support. According to MEK, it has "strived for freedom and human rights, first against the despotic reign of Shah, and now the theocratic tyranny of the ayatollahs" (MEK n.d.). It is "an anti-fundamentalist Muslim organization which believes in a democratic, progressive, and tolerant interpretation of Islam, according to which elections and public suffrage are the sole indicators of political legitimacy. The PMOI endeavors for a secular, democratic, and non-nuclear republic, and is committed to free elections, gender equality, and abolition of all discrimination against national and...

Bibliography: FBI. "Seven Plead Guilty to Providing Material Support to Designated Foreign Terrorist Organization." FBI. http://www.fbi.gov/losangeles/press-releases/2009/la042809a.htm (accessed July 29, 2012).
Goulka, Jeremiah, et al. "The Mujahedin-e Khalq in Iraq: A Policy Conundrum." RAND Corporation: Santa Monica, 2009.
Hosenball, Mark. "Hezbollah, Iran uncover CIA informants." Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/11/21/us-cia-hezbollah-idUSTRE7AK2MQ20111121 (accessed August 23, 2012).
Jones, Owen Bennet. "An Iranian mystery: Just who are the MEK?"BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-17615065 (accessed July 30, 2012).
Joshi, Shashank. "Iran and the Mujahedin e Khalq (MEK)." Harvard University Department of Government. http://shashankjoshi.wordpress.com/2012/05/30/iran-and-the-mujahedin-e-khalq-mek/ (accessed August 24, 2012).
Masters, Jonathan. " Mujahadeen-e-Khalq (MEK) (aka People 's Mujahedin of Iran or PMOI)." Council on Foreign Relations, July 18, 2012. http://www.cfr.org/iran/mujahadeen-e-khalq-mek-aka-peoples-mujahedin-iran-pmoi/p9158 (accessed July 24, 2012).
MEK. "Camp Ashraf: About Us." MEK. http://www.campashraf.org/about/camp-ashraf/ (accessed July 30, 2012).
Rajavi, Maryam. "Comprehensive sanctions is the essential first step, regime change is the final solution." People 's Mojahedin Organization of Iran. http://www.mojahedin.org/pagesen/detailsNews.aspx?newsid=9551 (accessed August 22, 2012).
Torbati,Yeganeh. "UPDATE 2-Iran unveils new missile, starts air defence site." Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/08/21/iran-military-idUSL6E8JL5AZ20120821 (accessed August 23, 2012).
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