Diabetes Type 2

Topics: Diabetes mellitus, Blood sugar, Obesity Pages: 4 (1145 words) Published: July 8, 2014
Type 2 diabetes is a disease where people’s bodies cannot properly use the insulin that is produced in the pancreas. Historically, type 2 diabetes was only diagnosed in older adults, generally after the age of 45. It was previously believed that diabetes would only affect the older population as the disease was called “Adult Onset Diabetes”. However, in the modern world, there are a growing number of cases of younger people and children being diagnosed daily. Type 2 diabetes typically goes unnoticed for years before patients start to realize the symptoms and consult with their doctor.

The Problem
Type 2 Diabetes is a growing epidemic in this country. With a population of approximately 90% of the people diagnosed with diabetes, it is growing more every day. About 1 million new cases occur every year. Diabetes or complications from the disease cause about 200,000 deaths a year. Most people do not even know they have the disease due to the symptoms not being very clear. Symptoms can range from excessive thirst that then leads to frequent urination, hunger, more susceptible to infections, and tiredness. It is easy to confuse these symptoms with normal every day behavior such as being thirsty, feeling stressed, and tired. The majority of patients diagnosed are adults, over the age of 45 years, and Hispanic or African Americans. If diabetes goes untreated for a long period of time there are detrimental effects. When there is a high amount of glucose in a patient’s body that insulin cannot remove it and it is pushed into the kidneys to act as a filter to remove it. This causes extreme wear on the organs of the body. Some of the worst long-term effects are blindness, amputation of limbs or toes, kidney failure, and nerve damage.

The Causes
Diabetes has many causes. Genetics, obesity, and pregnancy are the top causes of this disease. There are different theories about the causes of the disease. Genetics is the top theorized cause. A predisposition runs in...
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