Jefferson wrote this article to give examples of benefits England and the Americas will have if they are separated. He says it is “necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands that have connected then with another” in order for both bands to be successful. He uses the “Laws of Nature” to point out that it happens all the time. However, he also believes that he must give reasons on why they should separate. Just like Locke’s philosophical ideas, Jefferson believes that “governments are instituted among men, “meaning that the government comes from the people. The government is only there because of the people who want it. The purpose of the government is to give the citizens of the country natural rights as suggested by John Locke. The natural rights are “Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness”. Jefferson believed that if the government did not fulfill its purpose the citizens, the government should be overthrown. The government should represent the people’s ideas. He also agrees with Locke that “it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it” because the government should do what the majority of what the people like. During this time period, England was hurting the colonies with extra taxes and breaking promises. England was just using the colonies to make the country bigger and greater but does not really care for the colonies. For example, the Tea Act was used my Britain to make the colonies pay the British East India company that helped Britain. Therefore, Jefferson uses Locke’s argument to present a reason to break away for England. England was not doing the right thing for the colonies, so the colonies had the right to break away form the government. Grievances
A. For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
B. For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury: C. For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
D. For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
E. For taking away our Charters,...
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