DARWIN’S THEORY OF EVOLUTION OF MAN
Naturalist Charles Darwin was a British scientist who laid the foundations of the theory of evolution and transformed the way people think about the natural world. Charles Darwin made his argument that humans had evolved from apes where he studied the comparative anatomy and embryology of human species in relation to gorillas and chimps. He pointed out that humans actually have a tailbone, eventhough we have no tail. Some people able to wiggle ears or flex the scalp muscle. Darwin used all of these converging lines of evidence to conclude that humans were most closely related to the African apes, the gorilla and the chimpanzee which all of three animals are the common ancestor would be found in Africa. Darwin thought that humans were members of the same species and shared common ancestry. He also believed that humans in each race had a different ideal of beauty which had evolved along with their different population. One day, he noted that male birds attracted with females birds with their bright plumage or beautiful songs as well as the case of male stags fought for the privilege of mating. By that, women were wooed by different physical traits which resulted in a sort of ‘self-breeding’ into different ‘varieties’ or races of human. According to Darwin, human form was shaped by the desire. Darwin gave out the idea that the most important result of sexual selection was in human brain size. He made the argument that men are larger, stronger, and fiercer than women because they had to fight for the opportunity to mate. Women were tenderer and less selfish because of the maternal instincts. Even pre-historic men had able to observe, think and invent idea naturally in order to keep their families safe and well-fed. Many of Darwin’s ideas from “Descent of Man” were in the field of biological anthropology and human evolution. Darwin said that humans were all the same species; there are no subspecies of human. The difference in...
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