Topics: Maintenance, Availability, Preventive maintenance Pages: 20 (3815 words) Published: April 4, 2014
Standardizing Availability Definition

Vamshi K. Katukoori
Graduate Student: NAME
University Of New Orleans

Table of Contents
1.) Foreword
2.) Availability
3.) Introduction
4.) Availability Classification
5.) Reliability Terms
6.) Time Breakdown
7.) Time allocation
8.) Data Analysis
9.) Associated terms
10.) Definition of Inherent Availability in SMRP format
11.) Definition of Achieved Availability in SMRP format
12.) Definition of Operational Availability in SMRP format
13.) References


A clear, simple, usable definition of, and a uniform procedure for, the measurement and reporting of availability in various forms is presented primarily to determine the essential metrics of availability of manufacturing process and equipment. Terms, such as "uptime," "downtime," "reliability," "net available time," "total available time,”,"utilization," etc., are clearly defined before using them. This guideline is designed to eliminate some of the confusion relating to these terms by defining a consistent set of figures of merit relating to manufacturing process and equipment. One such term is "Availability". Care has been taken while defining so that it has the advantage of simplicity, yet takes into account both the frequency and seriousness of equipment malfunctions and separates them from non-equipment-caused interruptions in operation. Various metrics of availability are defined and the methods of measurement clearly stated. The method for measurement uses data that can be readily collected, in a reasonable time, and under practical conditions, making it suitable for use during equipment run-off/start-up, as well as continued production. The term Availability is increasingly used to refer to a manufacturing asset or system without a specific limit on the nature of the asset. It could be a single machine or a complete facility. The term is applied to a piece of manufacturing equipment acting as a unit—usually one machine, but several machines if they produce as a unit, and can consider all supporting elements.

More complex and rigorous Reliability and Maintainability Engineering analyses exist which have great usefulness in improving future designs and in diagnosing production problems. The intent here is to provide a common, readily understandable reference point of measure by which equipment builders, users, and other parties can agree. The method of measurement enables the evaluation of equipment or process in comparison with other equipment/process in a facility and with other installations measured on a similar basis throughout industry. Finally, the document describes Availability (Inherent, Achieved & Operational) in the SMRP format.


1.1 This document can be used to determine the availability metrics of a wide variety of manufacturing process and production equipment. It is versatile enough to be used in all sizes of manufacturing facilities and can be specified to processes or equipment, individually or in groups.

1.2 Availability (Inherent, Achieved and Operational) is herein defined and a consistent method for its evaluation is established. The techniques established in this document can be used on a continuing basis, or they can be applied on a periodic basis to investigate/identify specific current problem areas.

1.3 Availability has various meanings and ways of being computed depending upon its use. Availability is defined as “a percentage measure of the degree to which machinery and equipment is in an operable and committable state at the point in time when it is needed.” This definition includes operable and committable factors that are contributed to the equipment itself, the process being performed, and the surrounding facilities and operations. This statement incorporates all aspects of malfunctions and delays relating to equipment, process, and facility issues.

1.4 Availability (Inherent, Achieved and Operational) is herein defined...

References: Machinery and Equipment, Second Edition, M-110.2. NCMS or SAE. 1995.
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