Civics final cheat sheet

A boy wants to play on the volleyball team but there are only all girl team. What amendment protects his rights? The Fourteenth Amendment guarantees that "no state shall . . . deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." Added to the Constitution in 1868, this "equal protection clause" was aimed primarily at protecting the recently freed slaves against southern governments that had stripped the freedmen of their political and legal rights. The courts, however, have interpreted this clause, with its more inclusive reference to "any person," as providing a basic protection for all persons, not just African Americans. As is evident from the foregoing analysis, the IGHSAU’s actions are to be considered “state actions” for purposes of applicability of the Fourteenth Amendment. Consequently, the rules and regulations of the IGHSAU are subject to the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Title IX prohibits sex discrimination under any educational program or activity that receives federal funds. 20 U.S.C. §1681(a). The Regulations define “recipient” as: Any State or political subdivision thereof, or any instrumentality of a State or political subdivision thereof, any public or private agency, institution or organization, or any other entity, or any person, to whom Federal financial assistance is extended directly or through another recipient and which operates education program or activity which receives or benefits from such assistance, including any subunit, successor, assignee, or transferee thereof. The US government is trying to shut down a company that produces horrible odors until the company finds a solution. Can the US government make a legit case? The US government wanted to shut down a fat rendering company located near Virginia border until it could install devices to eliminate the horrible odors that were produced during its process. The company would not comply and the US government took them to court. Did...
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